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Cuatro Caminos (Madrid Metro)

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Cuatro Caminos
MetroMadridLogoSimplified.svg
Madrid Metro station
Line 2 platforms at Cuatro Caminos
LocationChamberí / Tetuán, Madrid
Spain
Coordinates40°26′49″N 3°42′14″W / 40.4469716°N 3.7039697°W / 40.4469716; -3.7039697Coordinates: 40°26′49″N 3°42′14″W / 40.4469716°N 3.7039697°W / 40.4469716; -3.7039697
Owned byCRTM
Operated byCRTM
Construction
Disabled accessYes
Other information
Fare zoneA
History
Opened17 October 1919 (1919-10-17)
Services
Preceding station   Madrid Metro   Following station
Line 1
toward Valdecarros
toward Las Rosas
Line 2Terminus
clockwise / outer
Line 6
anticlockwise / inner
Location
Cuatro Caminos
Cuatro Caminos
Location within Madrid

Cuatro Caminos is a station on Line 1, Line 2 and Line 6 of the Madrid Metro, located underneath the Cuatro Caminos roundabout on the border of Chamberí and Tetuán districts in Madrid. It is located in fare Zone A.[1][2][3] The station was inaugurated on 17 October 1919, and was opened to the public on 31 October 1919.[4]

The station is the deepest in the Madrid Metro system, with its Line 6 platforms located 45 m (148 ft) below street level. However, in terms of absolute elevation above sea level, it is not the lowest, as there are other Line 6 stations with platforms at a lower elevation.

History

Cuatro Caminos is one of the first eight stations in the Madrid Metro system, opening on 17 October 1919 when King Alfonso XIII inaugurated Line 1, which initially ran from Sol to Cuatro Caminos.[5][6] The Line 1 platforms were originally 60 m (200 ft) long, and were extended to 90 m (300 ft) in the 1960s. They are located underneath Santa Engracia street close to the roundabout. On 6 March 1929, Line 1 was extended to Cuatro Caminos to Tetuán, and as a result Cuatro Caminos was no longer a terminus.[7][8]

The Line 2 platforms were inaugurated on 10 September 1929 when Line 2 was extended from Quevedo to Cuatro Caminos,[9] making it a Line 2 terminus. Line 2 has a central platform and one side platform, both 60 m (200 ft) long, and is only one of three stations in the network with this configuration. The platforms are located underneath Bravo Murillo street south of the roundabout at the same depth as the Line 1 platforms.

The Line 6 platforms entered into service on 10 October 1979 when the first segment of Line 6 was inaugurated, running from Cuatro Caminos to Pacífico.[10] On 13 January 1987, Line 6 was extended from Cuatro Caminos to Ciudad Universitaria.[11][12] The platforms are the deepest in the system, and are located beneath Raimundo Fernández Villaverde street east of the roundabout.

In 2004-2005, an underpass was constructed for automotive traffic underneath the roundabout, replacing a previous overpass. The tunnel was built in the free space between Lines 1 and 2 and Line 6, which had previously been left empty in case the Metro decided to connect a fourth line to the station.

Between 3 July and 13 November 2016, Line 1 was closed for renovations between Plaza de Castilla and Sierra de Guadalupe, a segment that included Cuatro Caminos.[13][14] Renovations included tunnel repairs, cleaning, and waterproofing, the installation of rigid overhead lines, and other work. Starting 14 September 20156, Cuatro Caminos was temporarily used as a terminus for Line 1 when service was reestablished between the station and Plaza de la Castilla. Line 1 service was fully restored on 13 November.[15][16][17]

References

  1. ^ "Línea 1". Metro de Madrid. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  2. ^ "Línea 2". Metro de Madrid. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  3. ^ "Línea 6 Circular". Metro de Madrid. Retrieved 5 September 2019.
  4. ^ Moya, Aurora. Metro de Madrid, 1919–2009. Noventa años de historia. Madrid, Spain. pp. 470–471. ISBN 978-84-613-6154-0.
  5. ^ "El Rey inaugura el Metropolitano" [King inaugurates the Metropolitan]. ABC (in Spanish). 18 October 1919. Retrieved 12 July 2014.
  6. ^ "La inauguración del Metropolitano (fotografía)" [Inauguration of the Metropolitan (photograph)]. ABC (in Spanish). 18 October 1919. Retrieved 12 July 2014.
  7. ^ "Madrid. La prolongación del Metropolitano (fotografía)" [Madrid. Metropolitan extension (photograph)]. ABC (in Spanish). 7 March 1929. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  8. ^ "Inauguración de una nueva sección del Metropolitano" [Inauguration of a new section of the Metropolitan]. ABC (in Spanish). 7 March 1929. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  9. ^ Federación Castellano Manchega de Amigos del Ferrocarril (March 2014). "Red de Metro y Metro Ligero de la Comunidad de Madrid" [Metro and Light Metro network of the Community of Madrid] (PDF). FCMAF (in Spanish). Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2014. Retrieved 25 May 2014.
  10. ^ "El Rey inauguró la nueva línea de Metro entre Pacífico y Cuatro Caminos" [King inaugurates new Metro line between Pacífico and Cuatro Caminos]. El País (in Spanish). 11 October 1979. Retrieved 7 March 2014.
  11. ^ "Leguina pide a las autoridades que utilicen el 'metro' para ir al trabajo" [Leguina asks authorities to take the 'metro' to work]. El País (in Spanish). 14 January 1987. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  12. ^ César de Navascués (14 January 1987). "Inaugurado el tramo de Metro que va a la Ciudad Universitaria" [New Metro extension to Ciudad Universitaria inaugurated]. ABC (in Spanish). Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  13. ^ "El domingo se inician las obras de mejora de la Línea 1 de Metro" [Metro Line 1 renovations begin on Sunday]. El Mundo (in Spanish). 27 June 2016. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  14. ^ "Información sobre el corte de la línea 1 de Metro de Madrid y las alternativas de transporte público" [Information about suspended service on Madrid Metro Line 1 and alternative public transportation] (PDF). Consorcio Regional de Transportes de Madrid (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 July 2016.
  15. ^ "Metro de Madrid reabre siete estaciones de la Línea 1" [Madrid Metro reopens seven Line 1 stations]. El Mundo. 14 September 2016. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  16. ^ "Metro de Madrid finaliza hoy las obras de mejora en el túnel de la línea 1 de Metro" [Madrid Metro finishes Line 1 tunnel renovations today]. Metro de Madrid (in Spanish). 12 November 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2016.
  17. ^ "La línea 1 de Metro vuelve a funcionar en su totalidad desde este domingo" [Full service restored on Metro Line 1 starting Sunday]. El Mundo (in Spanish). 12 November 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2016.
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Cuatro Caminos (Madrid Metro)
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