Désiré Félicien François Joseph Mercier (21 November 1851 – 23 January 1926) was a Belgian cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and a noted scholar. A Thomist scholar, he had several of his works translated into other European languages. He was known for his book, Les origines de la psychologie contemporaine (1897). His scholarship gained him recognition from the Pope and he was appointed as Archbishop of Mechelen, serving from 1906 until his death, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1907.

Quick facts: His Eminence Désiré-Joseph Mercier, Church, A...

Désiré-Joseph Mercier
Archbishop of Mechelen
Primate of Belgium
ChurchRoman Catholic Church
Appointed21 February 1906
Term ended23 January 1926
PredecessorPierre-Lambert Goosens
SuccessorJozef-Ernest van Roey
Other post(s)Cardinal-Priest of San Pietro in Vincoli (1907-26)
Ordination4 April 1874
by Giacomo Cattani
Consecration25 March 1906
by Antonio Vico
Created cardinal15 April 1907
by Pope Pius X
Personal details
Désiré-Félicien-François-Joseph Mercier

(1851-11-21)21 November 1851
Died23 January 1926(1926-01-23) (aged 74)
Brussels, Belgium
BuriedSaint Rumbold's Cathedral
ParentsPaul-Léon Mercier
Anne-Marie Barbe Croquet
MottoApostolus Jesu Christi
("Apostle of Jesus Christ")
Coat of arms

Mercier is noted for his staunch resistance to the German occupation of 1914–1918 during the Great War.

Quick facts: Styles of Désiré-Joseph Mercier, Reference st...
Styles of
Désiré-Joseph Mercier
Reference styleHis Eminence
Spoken styleYour Eminence
Informal styleCardinal

After the invasion, he distributed a strong pastoral letter, Patriotism and Endurance, to be read in all his churches, urging the people to keep up their spirits. He served as a model of resistance.