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Eastern Cape

Province in South Africa / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Eastern Cape is one of the provinces of South Africa. Its capital is Bhisho, but its two largest cities are East London and Gqeberha.

Quick facts: Eastern Cape .mw-parser-output .plainlist...
Eastern Cape
Coat of arms of Eastern Cape
Development through Unity
Map showing the location of the Eastern Cape in the southern part of South Africa
Location of the Eastern Cape in South Africa
CountryFlag_of_South_Africa.svg South Africa
Established27 April 1994
Largest cityPort Elizabeth (Gqeberha)
  TypeParliamentary system
  PremierOscar Mabuyane (ANC)
  LegislatureEastern Cape Provincial Legislature
  Total168,966 km2 (65,238 sq mi)
  Rank2nd in South Africa
Highest elevation
3,019 m (9,905 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
  Rank4th in South Africa
  Density39/km2 (100/sq mi)
   Rank6th in South Africa
Population groups
  Indian or Asian0.4%
Time zoneUTC+2 (SAST)
ISO 3166 codeZA-EC
HDI (2019)0.671[3]
medium · 9th of 9
Quick facts: Xhosa, Afrikaans...
Eastern Cape

The second largest province in the country (at 168,966 km2) after Northern Cape, it was formed in 1994 out of the Xhosa homelands or bantustans of Transkei and Ciskei, together with the eastern portion of the Cape Province. The central and eastern part of the province is the traditional home of the indigenous Xhosa people. In 1820 this area which was known as the Xhosa Kingdom began to be settled by Europeans who originally came from England and some from Scotland and Ireland.

Since South Africa's early years, many Xhosas believed in Africanism and figures such as Walter Rubusana believed that the rights of Xhosa people and Africans in general, could not be protected unless Africans mobilized and worked together. As a result, the Eastern Cape is home to many anti-apartheid leaders such as Robert Sobukwe, Oliver Tambo, Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu, Winnie Mandela, Govan Mbeki, Alfred Xuma, Cecilia Makiwane, Noni Jabavu among others. It is also home the then young Thabo Mbeki, Chris Hani, Bantu Holomisa, Steve Biko, musicians Miriam Makeba, Madosini, Nathi, Vusi Nova and Zahara as well as historical figures such as Rev. Tiyo Soga, Samuel Mqhayi, Mongezi Sifika wa Nkomo, Enoch Sontonga and Jotello Festiri Soga.