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El Universal is a major Venezuelan newspaper, headquartered in Caracas. El Universal is part of the Latin American Newspaper Association (Spanish, Periódicos Asociados Latinoamericanos), an organization of leading newspapers in Latin America. Its main rival is El Nacional. The newspaper does not disclose circulation figures.
On the morning of 13 April 2002, when the removal of Hugo Chavez in what later came to be referred to as the 2002 Venezuelan coup d'état attempt appeared a success, the paper headlined ¡Un Paso Adelante! (One Step Forward!).
On 5 July 2014, it was announced that after 105 years of ownership, the Mata family had sold a controlling stake in the newspaper to a Spanish investment firm linked to the Venezuelan government, Epalisticia S.L., a firm that "was created with the purpose of acquiring" El Universal. According to the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ), El Universal "cozied up to Venezuela's socialist government" following the purchase. The CPJ wrote that staff complained about censorship by their editors and there had been firings and resignations at the newspaper.
- Browning, Mark (2003), "Venezuela", World Press Encyclopedia
- Otis, John. "Venezuela's El Universal criticized for being tamed by mystery new owners". Committee to Protect Journalists. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
- (in Spanish) Kaiser, Patricia (2003), "Estrategias discursivas antichavistas de los medios de comunicacion", Revista Venezolana de Economía y Ciencias Sociales 9 (3)
- Gottberg, Luis Duno (2004), "Mob outrages: reflections on the media construction of the masses in Venezuela (April 2000–January 2003)", Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies, 13(1). The front page is reproduced on p120.
- "High stakes in Venezuela's municipal elections". BBC News. 6 December 2013. Retrieved 6 July 2014.
- "Soldiers storm Venezuelan protesters' stronghold". Reuters UK. 17 March 2014. Retrieved 6 July 2014.
- "Rumors over Chavez absence reach frenzy in Venezuela". Reuters. 28 June 2011. Retrieved 6 July 2014.
- "Maduro vows no let-up in Venezuela business crackdown". Reuters. 14 November 2013. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 6 July 2014.
- "Seeing through Transparency International". The Guardian. 22 May 2008. Retrieved 6 July 2014.
- López Maya, Margarita (2016). El ocaso del chavismo: Venezuela 2005-2015. pp. 367–368. ISBN 9788417014254.
- "A new era has begun for El Universal". El Universal. 5 July 2014. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 6 July 2014.
- "In Venezuela's latest media shift, El Universal newspaper sold". Reuters. 5 July 2014. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 6 July 2014.
- "La desconocida empresa española Epalisticia compra el diario venezolano 'El Universal'". El Mundo. 5 July 2014. Retrieved 6 July 2014.
- Shadowy sale of Venezuela paper raises fears of slow-building news blackout
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