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Erbin of Dumnonia

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Erbin of Dumnonia (Latin: Urbanus; c. 427 – c. 480) was a 5th-century King of Dumnonia (now Cornwall and Devon) and saint of Wales.[1]

Monarch

Traditionally, Erbin was a King of Dumnonia, the son of Constantine Corneu and the father of Geraint. He chiefly appears in Geraint and Enid, one of the Three Welsh Romances of the Mabinogion. In the romance of Culhwch and Olwen he or another Erbin is made the father of Dywel, Gereint and Ermid.

In the Mabinogion he appears as an old king whose realm is subject to attacks from his enemies. He recalls his son from the court of King Artu to aid him in the war and restores the Dumnonian power, then abdicates in his son's favour. About 480 Erbin dies.

Sainthood

Erbin appears as a saint in the Bonedd y Saint and is traditionally associated with Erbistock in Denbighshire. His feast day is 13 January. Gilbert Hunter Doble suggested he might be the same as Saint Ervan/Erme of Cornwall.[2]

Erbyn or Ervan is said to have been the father of Selevan. Erbyn is the original patron saint of St Ervan but in more modern times he has become confused with the Greek saint Hermes who is now regarded as such.[3]

He was probably the founder of the church of Saint Ervan in Cornwall. In ancient Welsh calendars he is commemorated as a saint on 13 January or 29 May.

References

  1. ^ Ford, David Nash. "Erbin, King of Dumnonia". Early British Kingdoms. Retrieved 21 February 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ Doble, G. H. (1965) "Note, Saint Hermes" D. Attwater, in: The Saints of Cornwall; Part 4: saints of the Newquay, Padstow and Bodmin district. Truro: Dean and Chapter; p. 167
  3. ^ Ellis, P. B. (1992) The Cornish Saints. Penryn: Tor Mark Press; p. 11
This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in Italian. (April 2020) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the Italian article. Machine translation like DeepL or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary Content in this edit is translated from the existing Italian Wikipedia article at [[:it:Erbin]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|it|Erbin)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in Russian. (April 2020) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the Russian article. Machine translation like DeepL or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary Content in this edit is translated from the existing Russian Wikipedia article at [[:ru:Эрбин ап Константин]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|ru|Эрбин ап Константин)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
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