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Feeding the multitude

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Feeding the multitudes by Bernardo Strozzi, early 17th century.
Feeding the multitudes by Bernardo Strozzi, early 17th century.

In Christianity, the feeding the multitude is two separate miracles of Jesus reported in the Gospels.

The first miracle, the "Feeding of the 5,000", is the only miracle—aside from the resurrection—recorded in all four gospels[1] (Matthew 14:13–21;[2] Mark 6:31–44;[3] Luke 9:12–17;[4] John 6:1–14[5]).

The second miracle, the "Feeding of the 4,000", with 7 loaves of bread and a few small fish, is reported by Matthew 15:32–39[6] and Mark 8:1–9,[7] but not by Luke or John.

The feeding of the 5,000 people

The Feeding of the 5,000 is also known as the "miracle of the five loaves and two fish"; the Gospel of John reports that Jesus used five loaves and two fish supplied by a boy to feed a multitude. According to Matthew's gospel, when Jesus heard that John the Baptist had been killed, he withdrew by boat privately to a solitary place. Luke specifies that the place was near Bethsaida. The crowds followed Jesus on foot from the towns. When Jesus landed and saw a large crowd, he had compassion on them and healed their sick. As evening approached, the disciples came to him and said, "This is a remote place, it's already getting late. Send the crowds away, so they can go to the villages and buy themselves some food."

Jesus said that they did not need to go away, and therefore the disciples were to give them something to eat. They said that they only had five loaves and two fish, which Jesus asked to be brought to him. Jesus directed the people to sit down in groups on the grass. In Mark's Gospel, the crowds sat in groups of 50 and 100,[8] and in Luke's Gospel, Jesus' instructions were to seat the crowd in groups of 50,[9] implying that there were 100 such groups.

Taking the five loaves and the two fish and looking up to Heaven, he gave thanks and broke them. Then he gave them to the disciples, and the disciples gave them to the people. They all ate and were satisfied, and the disciples picked up twelve baskets full of broken pieces that were leftover. The number of those who ate was about five thousand men, beside women and children.

In John's Gospel, the multitude has been attracted around Jesus because of the healing works he has performed, and the feeding of the multitude is taken as a further sign that Jesus is the Messiah.

The Church of the Multiplication in Tabgha is the site where many Christians believe the feeding of the five thousand to have taken place.
The Church of the Multiplication in Tabgha is the site where many Christians believe the feeding of the five thousand to have taken place.

The feeding of the 4,000

This story, which appears only in Mark and Matthew, is also known as the miracle of the seven loaves and fish, as the Gospel of Matthew refers to seven loaves and a few small fish used by Jesus to feed a multitude.[10] According to the Gospels, a large crowd had gathered and was following Jesus. Jesus called his disciples to him and said:

"I have compassion for these people; they have already been with me three days and have nothing to eat. I do not want to send them away hungry, or they may collapse on the way."

His disciples answered:

"Where could we get enough bread in this remote place to feed such a crowd?"

"How many loaves do you have?" Jesus asked.

"Seven," they replied, "and a few small fish."

Jesus told the crowd to sit down on the ground. Then he took the seven loaves and the fish, and when he had given thanks, he broke them and gave them to the disciples, and they in turn to the people. They all ate and were satisfied. Afterward, the disciples picked up seven basketfuls of broken pieces that were leftover. The number of those who ate was four thousand men, besides women and children. After Jesus had sent the crowd away, he got into the boat and went to the vicinity of Magadan (or Magdala).

Analysis

Feeding the multitude. Armenian manuscript. Daniel of Uranc gospel, 1433.
Feeding the multitude. Armenian manuscript. Daniel of Uranc gospel, 1433.

Heinrich August Wilhelm Meyer notes the differences between some of the details of the accounts as a means of emphasizing that there were two distinct miracles: for example, the baskets used for collecting the food that remained were twelve κόφινοι kófinoi (hand baskets) in Mark 6:43 but seven σπυρίδες spyrídes (large baskets) in Mark 8:8. Cornelius a Lapide stated that a σπυρίς spyrís or 'large basket' was double the size of a κόφινος kófinos.[11] An indication of the size of a spyrís is that the apostle Paul was let out of a building through a gap in the Damascus city wall in one in order to avert a plot to kill him (Acts 9:25).[11]

Meyer also comments that in John's Gospel, the feeding of the multitude is taken as a further sign (Biblical Greek: σημεῖον sémeion) that Jesus is the Messiah, the prophet who (according to the promise in the Book of Deuteronomy (Deuteronomy 18:15) is to come into the world" (John 6:14).[12]

See also

References

  1. ^ D'Ambrosio, Marcellino. "Hidden Meaning of the Loaves & Fishes". Crossroads Initiative. Retrieved August 2, 2020.
  2. ^ Matthew 14:13–21
  3. ^ Mark 6:31–44
  4. ^ Luke 9:12–17
  5. ^ John 6:1–14
  6. ^ Matthew 15:32–39
  7. ^ Mark 8:1–9
  8. ^ Mark 6:40
  9. ^ Luke 9:14
  10. ^ John Clowes, 1817, The Miracles of Jesus Christ published by J. Gleave, Manchester, UK, page 161
  11. ^ a b Pulpit Commentary on Mark 8:8
  12. ^ Meyer's New Testament Commentary on John 6, accessed 15 March 2016

Bibliography

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Feeding the multitude
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