cover image

Florence Cathedral

Church in Tuscany, Italy / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short by simply answering these key questions:

Can you list the top facts and stats about Florence Cathedral?

Summarize this article for a 10 years old


Florence Cathedral (Italian: Duomo di Firenze), formally the Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Flower (Italian: Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore [katteˈdraːle di ˈsanta maˈriːa del ˈfjoːre]), is the cathedral of Florence, Italy. It was begun in 1296 in the Gothic style to a design of Arnolfo di Cambio and was structurally completed by 1436, with the dome engineered by Filippo Brunelleschi.[1] The exterior of the basilica is faced with polychrome marble panels in various shades of green and pink, bordered by white, and has an elaborate 19th-century Gothic Revival façade by Emilio De Fabris.

Quick facts: Florence Cathedral, Location, Country, Denomi...
Florence Cathedral
Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Flower
  • Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore
    Duomo di Firenze (Italian)
  • Cathedral Sanctae Mariae Floris (Latin)
The Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Flower, illuminated at night, showing the large red brick dome, a decorated white marble nave, and a vertical, white marble bell tower to the left. Mountains are visible in the background and a dark, low-lying city in the foreground.
Brunelleschi's Dome, the nave, and Giotto's Campanile of the Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore as seen from Michelangelo Hill
Florence Cathedral is located in Florence
Florence Cathedral
Florence Cathedral
Location in Florence, Italy
43°46′23″N 11°15′25″E
LocationFlorence, Tuscany
DenominationCatholic Church
TraditionLatin Church
WebsiteDuomo Firenze
StatusCathedral, minor basilica
Architectural typeChurch
StyleGothic, Romanesque,
Groundbreaking9 September 1296
Length153 m (502 ft)
Width90 m (300 ft)
Nave width38 m (125 ft)
Height114.5 m (376 ft)
Floor area8,300 m2 (89,000 sq ft)
MaterialsMarble, brick
ArchdioceseArchdiocese of Florence
ArchbishopGiuseppe Betori
Official nameHistoric Centre of Florence
Criteriai, ii, iii, iv, vi
Designated1982 (6th session)
Reference no.174
RegionEurope and North America

The cathedral complex, in Piazza del Duomo, includes the Baptistery and Giotto's Campanile. These three buildings are part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site covering the historic centre of Florence and are a major tourist attraction of Tuscany. The basilica is one of Italy's largest churches, and until the development of new structural materials in the modern era, the dome was the largest in the world. It remains the largest brick dome ever constructed.

The cathedral is the mother church of the Archdiocese of Florence, whose archbishop is Giuseppe Betori.