Frederick Lindemann, 1st Viscount Cherwell

British physicist (1886–1957) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Frederick Alexander Lindemann, 1st Viscount Cherwell, CH, PC, FRS (/ˈɑːrwɛl/ CHAR-wel; 5 April 1886  3 July 1957) was a British physicist who was prime scientific adviser to Winston Churchill in World War II.

Quick facts: The Right HonourableThe Viscount CherwellCH P...
The Viscount Cherwell
Lindemann_Frederick.jpg
Paymaster General
In office
1942–1945
Preceded bySir William Jowitt
Succeeded byVacant
Next holder Arthur Greenwood
Paymaster General
In office
1951–1953
Preceded byThe Lord Macdonald of Gwaenysgor
Succeeded byThe Earl of Selkirk
Personal details
Born5 April 1886
Baden-Baden, German Empire
Died3 July 1957 (aged 71)
Oxford, United Kingdom
Alma materUniversity of Berlin
Known for"Dehousing" paper
Lindemann mechanism
Lindemann index
Lindemann melting criterion
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He was involved in the development of radar and infra-red guidance systems. He was sceptical of the first reports of the enemy's V-weapons programme. He pressed the case for the strategic area bombing of cities.

His abiding influence on Churchill stemmed from close personal friendship, as a member of the latter's country-house set. In Churchill's second government, he was given a seat in the cabinet, and later created Viscount Cherwell of Oxford.

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