Italian painter and architect (c. 1267–1337) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Giotto di Bondone (Italian pronunciation: [ˈdʒɔtto di bonˈdoːne]; c.1267[lower-alpha 1] – January 8, 1337),[2][3] known mononymously as Giotto (UK: /ˈɒt/ JOT-oh,[4] US: /iˈɒt, ˈɔːt/ jee-OT-oh, JAW-toh)[5][6] and Latinised as Giottus, was an Italian painter and architect from Florence during the Late Middle Ages. He worked during the Gothic/Proto-Renaissance period.[7] Giotto's contemporary, the banker and chronicler Giovanni Villani, wrote that Giotto was "the most sovereign master of painting in his time, who drew all his figures and their postures according to nature" and of his publicly recognized "talent and excellence".[8] Giorgio Vasari described Giotto as making a decisive break with the prevalent Byzantine style and as initiating "the great art of painting as we know it today, introducing the technique of drawing accurately from life, which had been neglected for more than two hundred years".[9]

Quick facts: Giotto di Bondone, Born, Died, Nationality, K...
Giotto di Bondone
Posthumous portrait of Giotto, made between 1490 and 1550
Giotto di Bondone

DiedJanuary 8, 1337(1337-01-08) (aged 69–70)
Florence, Republic of Florence
Known forPainting, fresco, architecture
Notable workScrovegni Chapel frescoes, Campanile
MovementLate Gothic

Giotto's masterwork is the decoration of the Scrovegni Chapel, in Padua, also known as the Arena Chapel, which was completed around 1305. The fresco cycle depicts the Life of the Virgin and the Life of Christ. It is regarded as one of the supreme masterpieces of the Early Renaissance.[10] The fact that Giotto painted the Arena Chapel and that he was chosen by the Commune of Florence in 1334 to design the new campanile (bell tower) of the Florence Cathedral are among the few certainties about his life. Almost every other aspect of it is subject to controversy: his birth date, his birthplace, his appearance, his apprenticeship, the order in which he created his works, whether he painted the famous frescoes in the Upper Basilica of Saint Francis in Assisi, and his burial place.