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An earthquake occurred on January 17, 1995, at 05:46:53 JST (January 16 at 20:46:53 UTC) in the southern part of Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan, including the region known as Hanshin. It measured 6.9 on the moment magnitude scale and had a maximum intensity of 7 on the JMA Seismic Intensity Scale (XI–XII on the Modified Mercalli Intensity Scale). The tremors lasted for approximately 20 seconds. The focus of the earthquake was located 17 km beneath its epicenter, on the northern end of Awaji Island, 20 km away from the center of the city of Kobe.
|UTC time||1995-01-16 20:46:53|
|Local date||January 17, 1995 (1995-01-17)|
|Local time||05:46:53 JST|
|Depth||17.6 km (10.9 mi)|
|Total damage||$200 billion (USD)|
|Max. intensity||JMA 7|
XI (Extreme)-XII (Extreme)
|Peak acceleration||0.91 g |
|Casualties||5,502–6,434 killed |
Approximately 6,434 people died as a result of this earthquake; about 4,600 of them were from Kobe. Among major cities, Kobe, with its population of 1.5 million, was the closest to the epicenter and hit by the strongest tremors. This was Japan's deadliest earthquake in the 20th century after the Great Kantō earthquake in 1923, which claimed more than 105,000 lives.