Hindustani classical music

Art music of northern regions of the Indian subcontinent / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Hindustani classical music is the classical music of northern regions of the Indian subcontinent. It may also be called North Indian classical music or, in Hindustani, shastriya sangeet. The term shastriya sangeet literally means classical music, and can also mean Indian classical music in general.[1] It is played in instruments like the violin, sitar and sarod. Its origins from the 12th century CE, when it diverged from Carnatic music, the classical tradition in South India. Hindustani classical music arose in the Ganga-Jamuni Tehzeeb, a period of great influence of Perso-Arabic arts in the subcontinent, especially the Northern parts. This music combines the Indian classical music tradition with Perso-Arab musical knowledge, resulting in a unique tradition of gharana system of music education. Hindustani classical music has gained recognition at national as well as international level. It is an integral part of culture of India. Ustad Bismillah Khan, Pt Bhimsen Joshi and Ravi Shankar got awarded with Bharat Ratna, which is the highest civilian award of India. [2]