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Immersed tube

Type of undersea tunnel / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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An immersed tube (or immersed tunnel) is a kind of undersea tunnel composed of segments, constructed elsewhere and floated to the tunnel site to be sunk into place and then linked together. They are commonly used for road and rail crossings of rivers, estuaries and sea channels/harbours. Immersed tubes are often used in conjunction with other forms of tunnel at their end, such as a cut and cover or bored tunnel, which is usually necessary to continue the tunnel from near the water's edge to the entrance (portal) at the land surface.

Schematics of typical immersed tube types
Type A, built upon a shallow trench on the seabed.
Type B, built under the seabed level.