Ishtar Gate

Eighth gate to the capital city of Babylon / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short, summarize this topic like I'm... Ten years old or a College student

The Ishtar Gate was the eighth gate to the inner city of Babylon [citation needed] (in the area of present-day Hillah, Babil Governorate, Iraq). It was constructed circa 575 BCE by order of King Nebuchadnezzar II on the north side of the city. It was part of a grand walled processional way leading into the city. The walls were finished in glazed bricks mostly in blue, with animals and deities in low relief at intervals, these were also made up of bricks that are molded and colored differently.

The reconstruction of the Ishtar Gate in the Pergamon Museum in Berlin

The German archaeologist Robert Koldewey led the excavation of the site from 1904 to 1914.

After the end of the First World War in 1918, the smaller gate was reconstructed in the Pergamon Museum. The gate is 50 feet (15 meters) high, and the original foundations extended another 45 feet (14 meters) underground.[1] The reconstruction of the Ishtar Gate in the Pergamon Museum is not a complete replica of the entire gate. The original structure was a double gate with a smaller frontal gate and a larger and more grandiose secondary posterior section.[2] The only section on display in the Pergamon Museum is the smaller frontal segment.[3]

Other panels from the facade of the gate are located in many other museums around the world, including various European countries and the United States.

The façade of Iraq embassy in Beijing, China includes a replica of the Ishtar Gate.[4]