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Islamabad

Capital city of Pakistan / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Islamabad (/ɪzˈlɑːməbæd/;[7] Urdu: اسلامآباد, romanized: Islāmābād, listen; transl.'City of Islam') is the capital city of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.[8] It is the country's ninth-most populous city with a population of over 1.2 million people[5][9] and is federally administered by the Pakistani government as part of the Islamabad Capital Territory. Built as a planned city in the 1960s and established in 1967, it replaced Karachi as Pakistan's official national capital.

Quick facts: Islamabad اسلام‌آباد, Country, Adm. Unit,...
Islamabad
اسلامآباد
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Nickname(s): 
Isloo, The Green City
Islamabad is located in Pakistan
Islamabad
Islamabad
Islamabad is located in Asia
Islamabad
Islamabad
Coordinates: 33°41′35″N 73°03′50″E
CountryFlag_of_Pakistan.svg Pakistan
Adm. UnitIslamabad Capital Territory
Constructed1960
Established14 August 1967; 56 years ago (1967-08-14)[1]
Government
  TypeMetropolitan Corporation
  BodyCapital Development Authority
  MayorNone (vacant)[lower-alpha 1]
  Deputy MayorNone (vacant)
  Deputy CommissionerIrfan Nawaz Memon (BPS-19 PAS)[3]
Area
  City220.15 km2 (85.00 sq mi)
  Urban
220.15 km2 (85.00 sq mi)
  Metro
906.50 km2 (350.00 sq mi)
Highest elevation
1,584 m (5,196 ft)
Lowest elevation
490 m (1,610 ft)
Population
  City1,108,872
  Rank9th (Pakistan)
  Density5,037/km2 (13,050/sq mi)
  Metro
2,363,863
  Metro density2,608/km2 (6,750/sq mi)
  Rank (Metro)
4th (Pakistan)
DemonymIslamabadi[6]
Time zoneUTC+05:00 (PKT)
Postcode
44000
Area code051
Websiteictadministration.gov.pk
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The Greek architect Constantinos Apostolou Doxiadis developed Islamabad's master plan, in which he divided it into eight zones; administrative, diplomatic enclave, residential areas, educational and industrial sectors, commercial areas, as well as rural and green areas administered by the Islamabad Metropolitan Corporation with support from the Capital Development Authority. Islamabad is known for its parks and forests, including the Margalla Hills National Park and the Shakarparian.[10] It is home to several landmarks, including the country's flagship Faisal Mosque, which is the world's fifth-largest mosque. Other prominent landmarks include the Pakistan Monument and Democracy Square.[11][12][13]

Rated as Gamma + by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network,[14] Islamabad has the highest cost of living in Pakistan. The city's populace is dominated by both middle and upper-middle class citizens.[15][16] Islamabad is home to twenty universities, including Bahria University, Quaid-e-Azam University, PIEAS, COMSATS University, and NUST.[17] It is also rated as one of the safest cities in Pakistan and has an expansive RFID-enabled surveillance system with almost 2,000 active CCTV cameras.[18][19]

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