James Jerome Gibson (/ˈɡɪbsən/; January 27, 1904 – December 11, 1979), was an American psychologist and is considered to be one of the most important contributors to the field of visual perception. Gibson challenged the idea that the nervous system actively constructs conscious visual perception, and instead promoted ecological psychology, in which the mind directly perceives environmental stimuli without additional cognitive construction or processing.[1] A Review of General Psychology survey, published in 2002, ranked him as the 88th most cited psychologist of the 20th century, tied with John Garcia, David Rumelhart, Louis Leon Thurstone, Margaret Floy Washburn, and Robert S. Woodworth.[2]

Quick facts: James J. Gibson, Born, Died, Alma mater,...
James J. Gibson
Born(1904-01-27)January 27, 1904
DiedDecember 11, 1979(1979-12-11) (aged 75)
Alma materNorthwestern University
Princeton University (BA, PhD)
Known forTheory of affordance
Scientific career
FieldsExperimental psychology
Visual perception
InstitutionsSmith College
Cornell University
Doctoral advisorHerbert Langfeld
InfluencesEdwin B. Holt, Kurt Koffka, Eleanor J. Gibson
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