James Jerome Gibson (//; January 27, 1904 – December 11, 1979), was an American psychologist and is considered to be one of the most important contributors to the field of visual perception. Gibson challenged the idea that the nervous system actively constructs conscious visual perception, and instead promoted ecological psychology, in which the mind directly perceives environmental stimuli without additional cognitive construction or processing. A Review of General Psychology survey, published in 2002, ranked him as the 88th most cited psychologist of the 20th century, tied with John Garcia, David Rumelhart, Louis Leon Thurstone, Margaret Floy Washburn, and Robert S. Woodworth.
James J. Gibson
|Born||January 27, 1904|
McConnelsville, Ohio, U.S.
|Died||December 11, 1979 75) (aged|
Ithaca, New York, U.S.
|Alma mater||Northwestern University|
Princeton University (BA, PhD)
|Known for||Theory of affordance|
|Doctoral advisor||Herbert Langfeld|
|Influences||Edwin B. Holt, Kurt Koffka, Eleanor J. Gibson|
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