Jonathan Swift

Anglo-Irish satirist and cleric (1667–1745) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Jonathan Swift (30 November 1667 – 19 October 1745) was an Anglo-Irish[1] satirist, author, essayist, political pamphleteer (first for the Whigs, then for the Tories), poet, and Anglican cleric who became Dean of St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin,[2] hence his common sobriquet, "Dean Swift".

Quick facts: The Very Reverend Jonathan Swift, Born, Died,...

Jonathan Swift
Portrait by Charles Jervas, 1710
Portrait by Charles Jervas, 1710
Born(1667-11-30)30 November 1667
Dublin, Ireland
Died19 October 1745(1745-10-19) (aged 77)
Dublin, Ireland
Resting placeSt Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin
Pen name
LanguageModern English
Alma materTrinity College Dublin
Period18th century
  • Religion
  • politics
  • other
Literary movement
Years activefrom 1696
Notable works
PartnerEsther Johnson (?)

Swift is remembered for works such as A Tale of a Tub (1704), An Argument Against Abolishing Christianity (1712), Gulliver's Travels (1726), and A Modest Proposal (1729). He is regarded by the Encyclopædia Britannica as the foremost prose satirist in the English language.[1] He originally published all of his works under pseudonyms—such as Lemuel Gulliver, Isaac Bickerstaff, M. B. Drapier—or anonymously. He was a master of two styles of satire, the Horatian and Juvenalian styles.

His deadpan, ironic writing style, particularly in A Modest Proposal, has led to such satire being subsequently termed "Swiftian".[3]