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Kanin Peninsula

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Kanin Peninsula
KaninNos.JPG
Location of the Kanin Peninsula.
Kanin Peninsula is located in Nenets Autonomous Okrug
Kanin Peninsula
Kanin Peninsula
Kanin Peninsula is located in European Russia
Kanin Peninsula
Kanin Peninsula
Geography
LocationNenets Autonomous Okrug, Russia
Coordinates67°N 45°E / 67°N 45°E / 67; 45Coordinates: 67°N 45°E / 67°N 45°E / 67; 45
Adjacent bodies of waterWhite Sea, Barents Sea
Administration
Russia

The Kanin Peninsula (Russian: Канин полуостров) is a large peninsula in Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Russia.

It is surrounded by the White Sea to the west and by the Barents Sea to the north and east. Shoyna is one of the few communities on the peninsula.

Kanin Peninsula - US Army map 1956
Kanin Peninsula - US Army map 1956

Fauna

For cetaceans, beluga whales are most commonly found. Male sperm whales are known to occur as well.[1]

Butterflies

There are 29 butterfly species in the forest-tundra and 14 species in the hypoarctic tundra.[2] The data on the fauna and distribution of species in the forest-tundra of the Kanin Peninsula are generally typical of this natural zone. The most abundant species are Erebia disa, Oeneis norna, Clossiana freija, Pieris napi, and Vacciniina optilete. The dominant species in southern tundra localities are Erebia euryale, Erebia pandrose, and Boloria aquilonaris, which coincides with the result of the 1903 research.[3] A high abundance of E. pandrose is a specific feature of the northern part of the Kanin Peninsula and Kolguev Island, pointing to the connection of the biota of these territories with the subarctic regions of Fennoscandia.

Climate

Climate data for Cape Kanin Nos
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 4.0
(39.2)
2.9
(37.2)
2.4
(36.3)
9.0
(48.2)
19.7
(67.5)
26.3
(79.3)
30.5
(86.9)
28.1
(82.6)
20.4
(68.7)
12.2
(54.0)
10.5
(50.9)
8.2
(46.8)
30.5
(86.9)
Average high °C (°F) −6.0
(21.2)
−6.8
(19.8)
−5.0
(23.0)
−2.4
(27.7)
1.6
(34.9)
7.7
(45.9)
12.0
(53.6)
10.6
(51.1)
7.9
(46.2)
3.6
(38.5)
−0.5
(31.1)
−3.5
(25.7)
1.6
(34.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −8.2
(17.2)
−9.5
(14.9)
−8.2
(17.2)
−4.7
(23.5)
−0.7
(30.7)
4.5
(40.1)
8.6
(47.5)
8.6
(47.5)
5.9
(42.6)
1.8
(35.2)
−1.9
(28.6)
−5.2
(22.6)
−0.8
(30.6)
Average low °C (°F) −10.7
(12.7)
−11.4
(11.5)
−9.2
(15.4)
−6.4
(20.5)
−1.9
(28.6)
2.8
(37.0)
6.8
(44.2)
6.8
(44.2)
4.7
(40.5)
0.8
(33.4)
−3.9
(25.0)
−7.6
(18.3)
−2.4
(27.7)
Record low °C (°F) −31.7
(−25.1)
−33.1
(−27.6)
−29.6
(−21.3)
−30.6
(−23.1)
−16.7
(1.9)
−6.5
(20.3)
−1.9
(28.6)
−0.7
(30.7)
−3.1
(26.4)
−13.4
(7.9)
−22.4
(−8.3)
−30.0
(−22.0)
−33.1
(−27.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 40.8
(1.61)
29.5
(1.16)
27.3
(1.07)
21.3
(0.84)
21.3
(0.84)
29.4
(1.16)
35.8
(1.41)
47.5
(1.87)
45.5
(1.79)
55.0
(2.17)
45.5
(1.79)
41.9
(1.65)
440.8
(17.36)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 11.1 9.0 8.6 7.3 6.5 7.2 6.2 10.0 11.3 15.4 13.5 14.2 120.3
Average snowy days 22 21 21 17 13 5 0.4 0.3 2 15 21 24 162
Average relative humidity (%) 87 88 88 86 86 86 88 89 88 85 86 87 87
Mean monthly sunshine hours 3.1 19.8 80.6 153.0 170.5 201.0 229.4 130.2 84.0 37.2 6.0 0.0 1,114.8
Source 1: Weatherbase[4]
Source 2: Hong Kong Observatory[5]

The climate on the Kanin Peninsula has cold winters with moderate maritime influences and cool summers. The north has a tundra climate (ET) and the south a subarctic climate (Dfc) thanks to the warmer summers.

References

  1. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-04-21. Retrieved 2014-05-05.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ Bolotov, I. N. (2012). "The Fauna and Ecology of Butterflies (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera) of the Kanin Peninsula and Kolguev Island". Entomological Review. 92 (3): 296–304. doi:10.1134/S0013873812030062.
  3. ^ Poppius, B. (1906). "Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Lepidopteren-Fauna der Halbinsel Kanin". Acta Soc. Fauna Flora Fennica B. 28 (3): 1–11.
  4. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Kanin Nos, Russia". Weatherbase. Retrieved November 13, 2012.
  5. ^ "Climatological Information for Cape Kanin Nos, Russia". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved November 13, 2012.
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Kanin Peninsula
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