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Panorama of the Requesens Castle
Coat of arms
Location in Catalonia
La Jonquera (Spain)
|• Mayor||Sònia Martínez Juli (2015)|
|• Total||56.9 km2 (22.0 sq mi)|
|Elevation||110 m (360 ft)|
|• Density||57/km2 (150/sq mi)|
|Demonyms||Jonquerenc, jonquerenca, jonquereño, jonquereña|
La Jonquera (Catalan pronunciation: [lə ʒuŋˈkeɾə]) is a municipality in the comarca of l'Alt Empordà, in Catalonia, Spain. It is situated next to the border with France, opposite the municipality of Le Perthus.
The area has always been an important pass through the Pyrenees. A contemporary motorway runs not far from the ancient Roman road, the Via Augusta. Not far from there is an altar erected by Pompey at the Coll de Panissars.
La Jonquera was the site of a conflict involving the retreating French crusaders in 1285 that ended in their defeat.
La Jonquera (2,888 inhabitants in the village) has got 4 civil parishes (poblaciones). The village of Els Límits is situated on the French-Spanish border, contiguous to its French twin town, Le Perthus.
- Church of Santa Maria.
- Ruins of Santa Maria de Panissars (mediaeval Benedictine monastery), in the coll de Panissars.
- Ruins of the castell de Rocabertí.
- Castell de Canadal, with the church of Santa Cristina or Sant Jaume de Canadal (c. IX).
- Romanesque churches (Sant Pere del Pla de l'Arca and Sant Martí del Forn del Vidre (10th century), and Santa Llúcia, Sant Miquel de Solans and Sant Julià dels Torts (12th century).
- Porta Catalana (work of Josep Lluís Sert), in the border.
- Several megalithic monuments (dolmens and menhirs).
The New York Times reported that one of Europe's largest brothels opened in La Jonquera in 2010, taking advantage of Europe's open borders and "lax laws". Many of its clients reportedly come from France, where prostitution was made illegal in April 2016. According to the paper, "Advocates and police officials say that most of the women are controlled by illegal networks — they are modern-day slaves."
- "Ajuntament de la Jonquera". Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 2015-11-13.
- "El municipi en xifres: La Jonquera". Statistical Institute of Catalonia. Retrieved 2015-11-23.
- "Municipal Register of Spain 2018". National Statistics Institute. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- Daley, Suzanne (2012-04-06). "In Spain, Women Enslaved by a Boom in Brothel Tourism". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-07-23.
- "Spain wildfires: Four killed in Catalonia". BBC News. 2012-07-23. Retrieved 2012-07-23.
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