Laity

Members of a religious organization who are not part of the clergy / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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In religious organizations, the laity (/ˈləti/) consists of all members who are not part of the clergy, usually including any non-ordained members of religious orders, e.g. a nun or a lay brother.[1][2]

In both religious and wider secular usage, a layperson (also layman or laywoman) is a person who is not qualified in a given profession or does not have specific knowledge of a certain subject.[3] The phrase "layman's terms" is used to refer to plain language that is understandable to the everyday person, as opposed to specialised terminology understood only by a professional.[4][5]

Some Christian churches utilise lay preachers, who preach but are not clergy. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints uses the term lay priesthood to emphasise that its local congregational leaders are unpaid.[6]

Terms such as lay priest, lay clergy and lay nun were once used in certain Buddhist cultures to indicate ordained persons who continued to live in the wider community instead of retiring to a monastery.