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Lake DeForest

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Lake DeForest
Lake DeForest viewed from nearby High Tor, a summit of the northern Hudson River Palisades.
LocationClarkstown, New York,
United States
Coordinates41°09′21″N 73°57′30″W / 41.1558°N 73.9584°W / 41.1558; -73.9584 (Lake Deforest)Coordinates: 41°09′21″N 73°57′30″W / 41.1558°N 73.9584°W / 41.1558; -73.9584 (Lake Deforest)
TypeReservoir
Primary inflowsHackensack River
Basin countriesNewark Basin
United States

Lake DeForest, also called DeForest Lake,[1]:195–213 is a reservoir in Clarkstown, New York, created in 1956 by impounding the Hackensack River, which is a principal part of the water supply for Rockland County, New York and Northern New Jersey, mainly Bergen and Hudson counties.[2] The reservoir is owned and operated by Suez North America, and is the most upstream of its reservoirs along the river's watershed, the others being Lake Tappan, the Woodcliff Lake Reservoir, and the Oradell Reservoir. It has a storage capacity of 5.6 billion gallons.[3][4][5][6] Swimming and bathing are disallowed because the water is reserved for potable use.[1]:212 The lake is traversed by a causeway carrying Congers Road (CR 80).

History

The lake was developed by an interstate partnership of the Hackensack Water Company (of New Jersey) and the Spring Valley Water Company (of Spring Valley, New York), to provide water on both sides of the state line.[1]:195–213

Adrian Leiby's monograph, The Hackensack Water Company, 1869-1969,[1] describes the conception of the lake (owing chiefly to George F. Wieghardt, chief engineer from 1938 to 1954);[1]:195–213 the sense that the proposed lake needed to be built soon, before any ill-advised new housing developments on the swampy lowlands would preclude it;[1]:195–213 and the difficulty in refuting conspiracy theories among the public that the proposed lake was a plan by New Jersey thieves to steal water from New York state or to create miles of "smelly mud flats" in Clarkstown.[1]:195–213 By the time of a severe drought in 1963-65, Leiby noted, public approval of the attractive lake and the water security it provided was nearly universal;[1]:221 writing in 1969, he said, "Twelve years later it is hard to believe that there is a single person in the County who would willingly see DeForest Lake drained and its land filled with development houses."[1]:213

The lake is named after Henry L. deForest, president of Hackensack Water Company from 1936 to 1950, under whose presidency the lake was conceived;[1]:210 at the time that the completed lake was dedicated on March 13, 1957, Henry L. deForest had recently died. Henry's father, Robert W. DeForest, had led the Hackensack Water Company from 1881 to 1926.

The Hackensack Water Company and the Spring Valley Water Company had long cooperated, the former being a chief stockholder of the latter; they were merged into United Water Resources in the 1980s, which was later acquired by Suez North America.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Leiby, Adrian C. (1969), The Hackensack Water Company, 1869-1969, In collaboration with Nancy Wichman, Bergen County Historical Society, ASIN B0006C01Q0, OCLC 13847.
  2. ^ History of Hackensack Water Company/United Water Company
  3. ^ "Lake DeForest". Haverstraw Water Supply Project. United Water. Retrieved 2012-10-27.
  4. ^ "Chapter 12.0: Infrastructure" (PDF). Rockland County Comprehensive Plan 280 DRAFT. United Water. September 1, 2010. Retrieved 2012-10-27.
  5. ^ "Water Sources in Rockland County". Suoerfund Research Program. Columbia University. Retrieved 2012-10-27.
  6. ^ "Lake DeForest". USGS. Retrieved 2012-10-27.
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Lake DeForest
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