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Languages of Switzerland

Overview of the languages spoken in Switzerland / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The four national languages of Switzerland are German, French, Italian, and Romansh.[3] German, French, and Italian maintain equal status as official languages at the national level within the Federal Administration of the Swiss Confederation, while Romansh is used in dealings with people who speak it.[4] Latin is occasionally used in some formal contexts, particularly to denote the country (Confederatio Helvetica).[5]

Quick facts: Languages of Switzerland, Official, National,...
Languages of Switzerland
OfficialGerman, French, Italian, Romansh
  •   German 62.6%
  •   French 22.9%
  •   Italian 8.2%
  •   Romansh 0.5%
VernacularSwiss German, Swiss Standard German, Swiss French, Swiss Italian, Franco-Provençal, Lombard, Walser German
SignedSwiss German Sign Language, French Sign Language, Italian Sign Language[1]
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In 2020, 62.3% of the population of Switzerland were native speakers of German (either Swiss German or Standard German) at home; 22.8% French (mostly Swiss French, but including some Franco-Provençal dialects); 8% Italian (mostly Swiss Italian, but including Lombard); and 0.5% Romansh.[6] The German region (Deutschschweiz) is roughly in the east, north, and centre; the French part (la Romandie) in the west; and the Italian area (Svizzera italiana) in the south. There remains a small Romansh-speaking native population in Grisons in the east. The cantons of Fribourg, Bern, and Valais are officially bilingual; Grisons is officially trilingual.