Law and Justice

Political party in Poland / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Law and Justice (Polish: Prawo i Sprawiedliwość [ˈpravɔ i spravjɛˈdlivɔɕt͡ɕ] (listen), PiS) is a right-wing populist and national-conservative political party in Poland. Its chairman is Jarosław Kaczyński.

Quick facts: Law and Justice Prawo i Sprawiedliwość, Abbre...
Law and Justice
Prawo i Sprawiedliwość
ChairmanJarosław Kaczyński
President of PolandAndrzej Duda[lower-alpha 1]
Parliamentary leaderRyszard Terlecki
FounderLech Kaczyński
Jarosław Kaczyński
Founded13 June 2001; 21 years ago (2001-06-13)
Merger of
Split from
Youth wingLaw and Justice Youth Forum
Membership (2021)45,000[1]
Political positionRight-wing
ReligionRoman Catholicism
National affiliationUnited Right
European affiliationEuropean Conservatives and Reformists Party
European Parliament groupEuropean Conservatives and Reformists
  •   Navy blue
  •   White
  •   Red[2]
198 / 460
44 / 100
European Parliament
24 / 52
Regional assemblies
254 / 552
City presidents
5 / 107

It was founded in 2001 by Jarosław and Lech Kaczyński as a direct successor of the Centre Agreement after it split from the Solidarity Electoral Action (AWS). It managed to win the 2005 parliamentary and presidential elections, after which Lech became the president of Poland. It headed a parliamentary coalition with the League of Polish Families and Self-Defence of the Republic of Poland between 2005 and the 2007 election. It placed second and they remained in the parliamentary opposition until 2015. It regained the presidency in the 2015 election, and later won a majority of seats in the parliamentary election. They retained the positions following the 2019 and 2020 election.

During its foundation, it sought to position itself as a centrist Christian democratic party, although shortly after, it adopted more culturally and socially conservative views and began their shift to the right. Under Kaczyński's national-conservative and law and order agenda, PiS embraced the principles of economic interventionism. It has also pursued close relations with the Catholic Church, although in 2011, the Catholic-nationalist faction split off to form United Poland.[3] During the 2010s, it also adopted right-wing populist positions. After regaining power, PiS gained popularity with transfer payments to families with children,[4] but attracted international criticism and domestic protest movements by dismantling liberal-democratic checks and balances. Political scientists have characterized the party's governance as illiberal or authoritarian.[5]

It is a member of the European Conservatives and Reformists,[6] and on national-level, it heads the United Right coalition. It currently holds 198 seats in the Sejm and 44 in the Senate.