Leland Stanford

American politician and railroad tycoon (1824–1893) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Amasa Leland Stanford (March 9, 1824  June 21, 1893) was an American attorney, industrialist, philanthropist, and Republican Party politician from California. He served as the 8th Governor of California from 1862 to 1863 and represented the state in the United States Senate from 1885 until his death in 1893. He and his wife Jane founded Stanford University, named for their late son.[1]

Quick facts: Leland Stanford, United States Senator from C...
Leland Stanford
Stanford c.1870s
United States Senator
from California
In office
March 4, 1885  June 21, 1893
Preceded byJames T. Farley
Succeeded byGeorge Clement Perkins
8th Governor of California
In office
January 10, 1862  December 10, 1863
LieutenantJohn F. Chellis
Preceded byJohn Gately Downey
Succeeded byFrederick Ferdinand Low
Personal details
Amasa Leland Stanford

(1824-03-09)March 9, 1824
Watervliet, New York, U.S.
DiedJune 21, 1893(1893-06-21) (aged 69)
Palo Alto, California, U.S.
Political partyRepublican (from 1856)
Other political
Whig (until 1856)
(m. 1850)
ChildrenLeland Jr.
Alma materCazenovia Seminary
  • Politician
  • businessman

Stanford was a successful merchant and wholesaler who migrated to California during the Gold Rush and built a business empire. He was an influential executive of the Central Pacific Railroad and later the Southern Pacific railroads from 1861 to 1890, giving him tremendous power in the American West and leaving a lasting impact on California.[2][3][4][5][6] He also played a significant role as a shareholder and executive in the early history of Pacific Life and Wells Fargo. Stanford is widely considered a robber baron. He was the first Republican Governor of California.