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Line (geometry)

Straight figure with zero width and depth / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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In geometry, a line is an infinitely long object with no width, depth, or curvature. Thus, lines are one-dimensional objects, though they may exist embedded in two, three, or higher dimension spaces. The word line may also refer to a line segment in everyday life, which has two points to denote its ends (endpoints). A line can be referred to by two points that lie on it (e.g. ) or by a single letter (e.g. ).

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A red line near the origin on the two-dimensional Cartesian coordinate system

Euclid described a line as "breadthless length" which "lies evenly with respect to the points on itself"; he introduced several postulates as basic unprovable properties from which he constructed all of geometry. Euclidean line and Euclidean geometry are terms introduced to avoid confusion with generalizations introduced since the end of the 19th century, such as non-Euclidean, projective and affine geometry.