This is a list of cities and towns in Romania, ordered by population (largest to smallest) according to the 2002, 2011 and 2021 censuses. For the major cities, average elevation is also given. Cities in bold are county capitals. The list includes major cities with the status of municipiu (103 in total), as well as cities and towns with the status of oraș (216 in total).
Romania has 319 cities and towns: one city with over 1 million inhabitants, 17 other cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants, 153 cities with a population between 10,000 and 100,000 inhabitants, 110 towns between 5,000 and 10,000 inhabitants, and 38 towns with less than 5,000 inhabitants.