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Liu He (simplified Chinese: 刘鹤; traditional Chinese: 劉鶴; pinyin: Liú Hè; Wade–Giles: Liu2 Ho4; lit. 'Liu Crane'; born 25 January 1952) is a Chinese economist and retired politician who served as a vice premier of the People's Republic of China from 2018 to 2023. Additionally, he served as the director of the Office serving the Central Financial and Economic Affairs Commission of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) from 2013 to 2023, the director of the Financial Stability and Development Committee from 2017 to 2023, as well as a member of the Politburo of the Chinese Communist Party from 2017 to 2022.
|Vice Premier of the People's Republic of China|
19 March 2018 – 12 March 2023
|Director of the Office of the Central Financial and Economic Affairs Commission|
20 March 2013 – April 2023
|General secretary||Xi Jinping|
|Preceded by||Zhu Zhixin|
|Succeeded by||He Lifeng|
|Born|| (1952-01-25) 25 January 1952 (age 71)|
|Political party||Chinese Communist Party (1976–present)|
|Alma mater||Renmin University (BS, MS)|
Harvard University (MPA)
Liu studied industrial economics in the Renmin University of China in the 1980s, he worked in various jobs in the State Council Development Research Center, the State Planning Commission, the State Information Center, and the State Council Information Office between 1986 and 2003, being responsible for economic affairs. He was a deputy director of the Central Leading Group for Financial and Economic Affairs between 2003 and 2011, and deputy director of the Development Research Center between 2011 and 2013; during this time, he was an influential advisor to CCP general secretary Hu Jintao on economic affairs.
Liu became a member of the CCP Central Committee in 2013, when he became a deputy director of the National Development and Reform Commission, as well as the director of the Office of the Central Leading Group for Financial and Economic Affairs. During this period, he advised CCP general secretary Xi Jinping on economic affairs, and was considered a primary architect of Xi's economic policies. He was promoted to the Politburo in 2017 and became a vice premier in 2018, where he continued to take on economic policies and also became the top trade negotiator with the United States due to the China–United States trade war. Liu retired from the Politburo in 2022, and stepped down from vice premiership in 2023.