Local extinction

Termination of a taxon in a region which it previously inhabited / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Local extinction, also extirpation, is the termination of a species (or other taxon) in a chosen geographic area of study, though it still exists elsewhere. Local extinctions are contrasted with global extinctions.[1][2]

Local extinctions mark a change in the ecology of an area. It has sometimes been followed by a replacement of the species taken from other locations, such as with wolf reintroduction.

The term "local extinction" is highly vernacular. The more proper biological term is extirpation.