Louis Marie Turreau

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Louis-Marie Turreau (French pronunciation: [lwi maʁi tyʁo]; 4 July 1756, Évreux, Eure 10 December 1816, Conches), also known as Turreau de Garambouville or Turreau de Linières, was a French general officer of the French Revolutionary Wars. He was most notable as the organiser of the colonnes infernales during the war in the Vendée, which massacred tens of thousands of Vendéens and ravaged the countryside. He attained army command, but without notable military accomplishments. Under the First French Empire, he pursued a career as a high functionary, becoming ambassador to the United States then a Baron of the Empire.

Quick facts: Louis-Marie Turreau, Nickname(s), Born, Died,...
Louis-Marie Turreau
Painting of Turreau by Louis Hersent, c. 1800, in the Musée Carnavalet
Nickname(s)Turreau de Garambouville
Turreau de Linières
Born4 July 1756
Died10 December 1816(1816-12-10) (aged 60)
AllegianceRoyal_Standard_of_the_King_of_France.svg Kingdom of France
Flag_of_France_%281790%E2%80%931794%29.svg Kingdom of the French
Flag_of_France_official.svg First French Republic
Flag_of_France_%281794%E2%80%931815%2C_1830%E2%80%931974%2C_2020%E2%80%93present%29.svg First French Empire
Years of service1789–1814
RankGénéral de division
Commands heldArmée des Pyrénées orientales
Armée de l'Ouest
Battles/warsFrench Revolutionary Wars
War in the Vendée
AwardsKnight of Saint-Louis
Name inscribed on the Arc de Triomphe
Baron of the Empire
Other workGovernor of Belle-Île
French Ambassador to the United States