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French First Republic

Republic governing France, 1792–1804 / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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In the history of France, the First Republic (French: Première République), sometimes referred to in historiography as Revolutionary France, and officially the French Republic (French: République française), was founded on 21 September 1792 during the French Revolution. The First Republic lasted until the declaration of the First Empire on 18 May 1804 under Napoléon Bonaparte, although the form of the government changed several times.

Quick facts: French RepublicRépublique française (Fre...
French Republic
République française (French)
Motto: Liberté, égalité, fraternité
("Liberty, Equality, Fraternity")
Anthem: Chant de guerre pour l'Armée du Rhin
("War Song for the Army of the Rhine")
The French First Republic in 1799
  •   Directly administered
  •   Sister republics and occupied territories
The French Republic in 1801, delineating departments
The French Republic in 1801, delineating departments
and largest city
Common languages
President of the National Convention 
Jérôme Pétion de Villeneuve (first)
Jean Joseph Victor Génissieu (last)
President of the Directory 
By rotation: 3 months duration
First Consul 
Napoleon I
Council of Ancients (1795–1799)
Historical era
21 September 1792
10 March 1793 – 27 July 1794
27 July 1794
6 September 1795
4 September 1797
18 June 1799
9 November 1799
24 December 1799
27 March 1802
 Napoleonic Wars begin
18 May 1803
 Napoleon proclaimed emperor
18 May 1804
Currencylivre (to 1794), franc, assignat
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Flag_of_France_%281790%E2%80%931794%29.svg Kingdom of France
War_Ensign_of_the_Kingdom_of_Sardinia_%281785-1802%29.svg Kingdom of Sardinia
Early_Swiss_cross.svg Old Swiss Confederacy
Austrian_Low_Countries_Flag.svg Austrian Netherlands
Flag_of_Comtat_Venaissin.svg Comtat Venaissin
Flag_of_Monaco.svg Monaco
Flag_of_Savoie.svg Duchy of Savoy
Royal_Standard_of_the_King_of_France.svg Kingdom of France
Royal_Flag_of_France.svg France in the early modern period
First French Empire Flag_of_France.svg

This period was characterized by the downfall and abolition of the French monarchy,[1] the establishment of the National Convention and the Reign of Terror, the Thermidorian Reaction and the founding of the Directory, and, finally, the creation of the Consulate and Napoleon's rise to power.