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Lyceum (classical)

Public meeting place in Classical Athens / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Lyceum (Ancient Greek: Λύκειον, romanized: Lykeion) was a temple dedicated to Apollo Lyceus ("Apollo the wolf-god"[1]).

Plato and Aristotle walking and disputing. Detail from Raphael's The School of Athens (1509–1511)

It was best known for the Peripatetic school of philosophy founded there by Aristotle in 334 BC. Aristotle fled Athens in 323 BC,[2] and the university continued to function after his lifetime under a series of leaders until the Roman general Sulla destroyed it during his assault on Athens in 86 BC.[3]

The remains of the Lyceum were discovered in modern Athens in 1996 in a park behind the Hellenic Parliament.[4]