# Main diagonal

In linear algebra, the main diagonal (sometimes principal diagonal, primary diagonal, leading diagonal, major diagonal, or good diagonal) of a matrix ${\displaystyle A}$ is the list of entries ${\displaystyle a_{i,j}}$ where ${\displaystyle i=j}$. All off-diagonal elements are zero in a diagonal matrix. The following four matrices have their main diagonals indicated by red ones:
${\displaystyle {\begin{bmatrix}\color {red}{1}&0&0\\0&\color {red}{1}&0\\0&0&\color {red}{1}\end{bmatrix}}\qquad {\begin{bmatrix}\color {red}{1}&0&0&0\\0&\color {red}{1}&0&0\\0&0&\color {red}{1}&0\end{bmatrix}}\qquad {\begin{bmatrix}\color {red}{1}&0&0\\0&\color {red}{1}&0\\0&0&\color {red}{1}\\0&0&0\end{bmatrix}}\qquad {\begin{bmatrix}\color {red}{1}&0&0&0\\0&\color {red}{1}&0&0\\0&0&\color {red}{1}&0\\0&0&0&\color {red}{1}\end{bmatrix}}\qquad }$