# Moscow Mathematical Papyrus

## Areaof a square length 6cm Ancient Egyptian mathematical manuscript / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The **Moscow Mathematical Papyrus**, also named the **Golenishchev Mathematical Papyrus** after its first non-Egyptian owner, Egyptologist Vladimir Golenishchev, is an ancient Egyptian mathematical papyrus containing several problems in arithmetic, geometry, and algebra. Golenishchev bought the papyrus in 1892 or 1893 in Thebes. It later entered the collection of the Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts in Moscow, where it remains today.

**Quick Facts**Date, Place of origin ...

Moscow Mathematical Papyrus | |
---|---|

Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts in Moscow | |

Date | 13th dynasty, Second Intermediate Period of Egypt |

Place of origin | Thebes |

Language(s) | Hieratic |

Size | Length: 5.5 metres (18 ft) Width: 3.8 to 7.6 cm (1.5 to 3 in) |

Based on the palaeography and orthography of the hieratic text, the text was most likely written down in the 13th Dynasty and based on older material probably dating to the Twelfth Dynasty of Egypt, roughly 1850 BC.^{[1]} Approximately 5½ m (18 ft) long and varying between 3.8 and 7.6 cm (1.5 and 3 in) wide, its format was divided by the Soviet Orientalist Vasily Vasilievich Struve^{[2]} in 1930^{[3]} into 25 problems with solutions.

It is a well-known mathematical papyrus, usually referenced together with the Rhind Mathematical Papyrus. The Moscow Mathematical Papyrus is older than the Rhind Mathematical Papyrus, while the latter is the larger of the two.^{[4]}