Multi-channel transition

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

According to Amanda D. Lotz, the multi-channel transition began in the mid-1980s and ended in the late 1990s. During this era, multichannel television became popular in the United States, leading to the breakdown of the network era which had been dominated by the Big Three broadcast networks (NBC, ABC, and CBS).[1] Many changes happened during this transition, such as the invention of the remote control, the video cassette player, and analog cable systems expanding viewers' choice and control. This era gave viewers more choice and control over what and when they wanted to view a program. Viewers were able to defy the networks' schedules, because they could record the program and watch it whenever they wanted, using the VCR and later the DVR. Producers adjusted to the government regulations and networks were forced to give up some of the control they had over program creation. Subscription channels emerged with no advertisements and the method for measuring audiences grew with the Nielsen People Meter. The multi-channel transition was followed by the post-network era and Second Golden Age of Television.

History of television in the United States
Prewar and wartime broadcasting  (1928–1947)
First Golden Age  (1947–1960)
Network era  (1950s–1980s)
Multi-channel transition  (1980s–1990s)
Second Golden Age and post-network era  (1999–present)
Streaming wars  (2019–2022)
History by decade
History of:
· Sports broadcasting
· Public broadcasting
· Children's television
· TV animation (Network era · Modern era)