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Nasr (missile)

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Hatf IX Nasr
TypeTactical ballistic missile
Place of originPakistan Pakistan
Service history
Used by
Pakistan Army
Production history
ManufacturerNational Development Complex
Specifications
Mass1,200 kg[1]
Warhead400 kg conventional high explosive, cluster munition[1] or plutonium or uranium tactical nuclear weapon[2]
Blast yield0.5-5 kilotons[2]

EngineSingle-stage rocket motor
PropellantSolid fuel
Operational
range
70 km (43.5 mi)[3]
Maximum speed 6 Mach
Accuracy1m
Launch
platform
Transporter erector launcher (TEL)
External media
Images
Nasr Missile and Launch Vehicle
Closeup of Nasr Missile
Video
Video of Nasr Missile Test
A video clip of the Nasr multi-tube ballistic missile

The Hatf IX ("Vengeance IX") or Nasr (Urdu: نصر‎), is a solid fueled tactical ballistic missile system developed by National Development Complex (NDC) of Pakistan.

The ISPR described the system as a "Multi-tube Ballistic Missile" because the launch vehicle carries multiple missiles, while from images it is obvious that it is a container missile system and no launch tubes are present. Its existence was revealed after a test in 2011 and it appears to have entered service after further testing in 2013.[4]

Background

According to defence analysts and missile technology experts the system appears to have been developed as a "low-yield battlefield deterrent" targeted at "mechanized forces like armed brigades and divisions."[5] Therefore, it is believed by analysts that the system is deployed to deter and respond to India's "Cold Start" doctrine.[6][7][8] The military ISPR maintains that the Hatf IX was developed to "add deterrence value... at shorter ranges... with high accuracy, shoot and scoot attributes" for "quick response."[5][9]

Pakistan confirmed that these tactical nuclear weapons are intended to be used against Indian troops on Pakistani soil. According to analysts, if used just inside Pakistani territory, it would counter cold start doctrine and maximize ionizing radiation exposure while minimizing blast effects which would be more dangerous for the Indian army than for local people as the blast yield is much lower than Strategic nuclear weapons[citation needed].

Design

The Hatf IX Nasr is a ballistic missile which carries a sub-kiloton tactical nuclear weapon out to a range of 60 km (37.3 mi).[5][9] It is believed to be derived from the WS-2 Weishi Rockets system developed by China's Sichuan Aerospace Corporation.[10] Four missiles are carried on the same Chinese-origin 8x8 transporter erector launcher (TEL) as the Pakistan Army's A-100E 300mm Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS), a Chinese version of the BM-30 Smerch.

Capabilities

The missile can carry nuclear warheads of appropriate yield with high accuracy. Pakistan has claimed that it was designed to overcome missile defense systems. It is also claimed that this missile is accurate. In one of the released test fire footage; the Nasr missile can be seen hitting target with pinpoint accuracy.[11] However actual figures of the CEP have not been disclosed.[12][13] Mansoor Ahmed, of Quaid-e-Azam University’s Department of Defence and Strategic Studies claimed: "Its in-flight maneuverability is being improved to defeat potential Indian missile defenses against artillery rockets and short-range ballistic missiles, such as the Israeli Iron Dome system." He further went on to say that the system is "fully integrated into the centralized command-and-control structure through round the clock situational awareness in a digitized network centric environment to the decision makers at National Command Center. Nasr is obviously India-specific and the salvo launch capability is a key ability in stopping Indian armored thrusts into Pakistani territory."[14]

History

The missile's existence was first reported after a test-firing on 19-April-2011.[5][6] A 4-missile salvo fired on 5 October 2013 is believed to have marked the conclusion of the testing programme and the system's likely entry into service.[2]. An extended range missile was tested recently. [15]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b https://missilethreat.csis.org/missile/hatf-9/
  2. ^ a b c Usman Ansari (6 November 2013). "Experts: Missile Test Firing Shows Development Complete". Retrieved 8 November 2013.
  3. ^ "Nasr range extended by 10km". Archived from the original on 24 January 2018. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
  4. ^ Pakistan conducted another successful test fire of Short Range Surface to Surface Missile Hatf IX (NASR) on 26 September 2014.
  5. ^ a b c d Shakil Shaikh (20 April 2011). "Pakistan test-fires Hatf-IX". The News International. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
  6. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 November 2013. Retrieved 20 April 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ Joshua, Anita (19 April 2011). "Pakistan tests short-range ballistic missile". The Hindu. Chennai, India.
  8. ^ http://idsa.in/idsacomments/MakingSenseofNasr_aahmed_240411
  9. ^ a b http://www.ispr.gov.pk/front/main.asp?o=t-press_release&id=1721
  10. ^ http://www.defensenews.com/print/article/20120601/DEFREG03/306010001/Pakistan-Missile-Test-Underscores-Need-Deterrence
  11. ^ Pakistan successfully test fire Nasr missile
  12. ^ Nasr
  13. ^ http://www.niticentral.com/2013/02/11/5-things-you-should-know-about-pakistans-nuclear-capable-missile-hatf-ix-45819.html
  14. ^ http://www.defensenews.com/article/20131106/DEFREG03/311060029/Experts-Missile-Test-Firing-Shows-Development-Complete
  15. ^ "Nasr range extended by 10km".
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Nasr (missile)
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