National Academy of Sciences

Science branch of the United States National Academies / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short by simply answering these key questions:

Can you list the top facts and stats about National Academy of Sciences?

Summarize this article for a 10 year old


The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) is a United States nonprofit, non-governmental organization. NAS is part of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, along with the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) and the National Academy of Medicine (NAM).

Quick facts: Formation, Founders, Founded at, Type, Coordi...
National Academy of Sciences
FormationMarch 3, 1863; 160 years ago (1863-03-03)
  • Alexander Dallas Bache
  • Abraham Lincoln
Founded at2101 Constitution Ave NW, Washington, D.C., US 20418
Coordinates38°53′46″N 77°02′12″W
Parent organization
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Endowment$553.9 million (2020)[1]

As a national academy, new members of the organization are elected annually by current members, based on their distinguished and continuing achievements in original research. Election to the National Academy is one of the highest honors in the scientific field. Members of the National Academy of Sciences serve pro bono as "advisers to the nation" on science, engineering, and medicine. The group holds a congressional charter under Title 36 of the United States Code.

Founded in 1863 as a result of an Act of Congress approved by Abraham Lincoln, the NAS is charged with "providing independent, objective advice to the nation on matters related to science and technology. ... to provide scientific advice to the government 'whenever called upon' by any government department."[2]

The academy receives no compensation from the government for its services.[3]

Oops something went wrong: