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National Guard (United States)

Reserve force of the United States Army and Air Force / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The National Guard is a state-based military force that becomes part of the reserve components of the United States Army and the United States Air Force when activated for federal missions.[1] It is a military reserve force composed of National Guard military members or units of each state and the territories of Guam, the Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia, for a total of 54 separate organizations. It is officially created under Congress's Article 1 Section 8 ability to "raise and support armies".[2] All members of the National Guard are also members of the organized militia of the United States as defined by 10 U.S.C. § 246. National Guard units are under the dual control of state governments and the federal government.[1]

Quick facts: National Guard, Active, Country, Allegiance, ...
National Guard
ActiveEnglish colonial militia: since December 13, 1636
  • As "National Guard": since 1824 in New York, since 1903 nationwide
  • Dual state-federal reserve forces: since 1933
CountryFlag_of_the_United_States.svg United States
AllegianceFederal (10 U.S.C. § E)
State and territorial (32 U.S.C.)
BranchFlag_of_the_United_States_Army.svg U.S. Army
Flag_of_the_United_States_Air_Force.svg U.S. Air Force
TypeReserve force
Part ofNGB-seal-high.png National Guard Bureau
Garrison/HQAll 50 U.S. states, and organized U.S. territories, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia
Nickname(s)"Air Guard", "Army Guard"
Motto(s)"Always Ready, Always There!"
MarchAlways Ready, Always There
Commander-in-ChiefFlag_of_the_President_of_the_United_States.svg President Joe Biden
ChiefFlag_of_the_National_Guard_Bureau.svg GEN Daniel R. Hokanson, USA
Vice ChiefFlag_of_the_Vice_Chief_of_the_National_Guard_Bureau.svg Lt Gen Marc H. Sasseville, USAF
Senior Enlisted AdvisorUSAF_Senior_Enlisted_Advisor_for_the_National_Guard_Bureau.svg SEANGB Tony L. Whitehead, USAF
Seal of the Army National GuardSeal_of_the_United_States_Army_National_Guard.svg
Seal of the Air National GuardUS-AirNationalGuard-2007Emblem.svg

The majority of National Guard soldiers and airmen hold a civilian job full-time while serving part-time as a National Guard member.[3][4] These part-time guardsmen are augmented by a full-time cadre of Active Guard & Reserve (AGR) personnel in both the Army National Guard and Air National Guard, plus Army Reserve Technicians in the Army National Guard and Air Reserve Technicians (ART) in the Air National Guard.

The National Guard is a joint activity of the United States Department of Defense (DoD) composed of reserve components of the United States Army and the United States Air Force: the Army National Guard[3] and the Air National Guard, respectively.[3]

Colonial militias were formed during the British colonization of the Americas from the 16th century onward. The first colony-wide militia was formed by Massachusetts in 1636 by merging small, older local units, and several National Guard units can be traced back to this militia. The various colonial militias became state militias when the United States became independent. The title "National Guard" was used in 1824 by some New York State militia units, named after the French National Guard in honor of the Marquis de Lafayette. "National Guard" became a standard nationwide militia title in 1903, and has specifically indicated reserve forces under mixed state and federal control since 1933.