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The Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) is an 8-bit third-generation home video game console produced by Nintendo. It was first released in Japan in 1983 as the Family Computer (FC), commonly referred to as Famicom. It was redesigned to become the NES, which was released in American test markets on October 18, 1985, and was soon fully launched in North America and other countries.
|Also known as||Family Computer/Famicom (Japan)|
Hyundai Comboy (Korea)
Dendy (Soviet Union)
Gradiente Phantom System (Brazil)
|Type||Home video game console|
|Lifespan||1983–2003 (Famicom) |
|Introductory price||¥14,800 (Japan) |
US$179 (equivalent to $530 in 2022)
|Units sold||61.91 million|
|Media||ROM cartridge ("Game Pak")|
|CPU||Ricoh 2A03/2A07 @ 1.79/1.66 MHz|
|Display||256 × 240 pixels standard|
|Graphics||PPU (Ricoh 2C02)|
|Sound||APU, 5 channels: 2 pulse wave , triangle wave, white noise, DPCM|
|Controller input||2 controller ports |
1 expansion slot
|Successor||Super Nintendo Entertainment System|
|Related||Famicom Disk System, Famicom 3D System|
After developing several successful arcade games in the early 1980s such as Donkey Kong (1981), Nintendo planned to create a home video game console. Rejecting more complex proposals, the Nintendo president Hiroshi Yamauchi called for a simple, cheap console with games stored on cartridges. The controller design was reused from Nintendo's portable Game & Watch games. Nintendo released several add-ons, such as the NES Zapper light gun for shooting games like Duck Hunt.
The NES is one of the best-selling consoles of its time and helped revitalize the US gaming industry following the video game crash of 1983. It pioneered a now-standard business model of licensing third-party developers to produce and distribute games. The NES features a number of groundbreaking games, such as the 1985 platform game Super Mario Bros. and the 1986 action-adventure games The Legend of Zelda and Metroid, which became long-running franchises. It was succeeded in 1990 by the Super Nintendo Entertainment System. In 2011, IGN named the NES the greatest video game console of all time.