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Nintendo Entertainment System

Home video game console / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) is an 8-bit third-generation home video game console produced by Nintendo. It was first released in Japan in 1983 as the Family Computer (FC),[note 1] commonly referred to as Famicom.[note 2] It was redesigned to become the NES, which was released in American test markets on October 18, 1985, and was soon fully launched in North America and other countries.

Quick facts: Also known as, Developer, Manufacturer, Type,...
Nintendo Entertainment System
Official Nintendo Entertainment System logo
Family Computer logo

Nintendo Entertainment System with controller
Nintendo Family Computer

Top: NES Control Deck (with detachable controllers)
Bottom: Family Computer ("Famicom") main unit (with hardwired controllers)
Also known asFamily Computer/Famicom (Japan)
Hyundai Comboy (Korea)
Samurai (India)
Dendy (Soviet Union)
Gradiente Phantom System (Brazil)
DeveloperNintendo R&D2
TypeHome video game console
Release date
Lifespan1983–2003 (Famicom)
1985–1995 (US)[5]
1986–1995 (EU)
Introductory price¥14,800 (Japan)
US$179 (equivalent to $530 in 2022)[6]
  • NA/EU/AU: August 14, 1995 (1995-08-14) (NES)[7][8]
  • JP: September 25, 2003 (September 25, 2003) (Famicom)
Units sold61.91 million[9]
MediaROM cartridge ("Game Pak")
CPURicoh 2A03/2A07 @ 1.79/1.66 MHz[lower-alpha 2]
Display256 × 240 pixels standard
GraphicsPPU (Ricoh 2C02)
SoundAPU, 5 channels: 2 pulse wave , triangle wave, white noise, DPCM
Controller input2 controller ports[lower-alpha 3]
1 expansion slot
Best-selling game
PredecessorColor TV-Game
SuccessorSuper Nintendo Entertainment System
RelatedFamicom Disk System, Famicom 3D System

After developing several successful arcade games in the early 1980s such as Donkey Kong (1981), Nintendo planned to create a home video game console. Rejecting more complex proposals, the Nintendo president Hiroshi Yamauchi called for a simple, cheap console with games stored on cartridges. The controller design was reused from Nintendo's portable Game & Watch games. Nintendo released several add-ons, such as the NES Zapper light gun for shooting games like Duck Hunt.

The NES is one of the best-selling consoles of its time and helped revitalize the US gaming industry following the video game crash of 1983.[12][lower-alpha 4] It pioneered a now-standard business model of licensing third-party developers to produce and distribute games.[14] The NES features a number of groundbreaking games, such as the 1985 platform game Super Mario Bros. and the 1986 action-adventure games The Legend of Zelda and Metroid, which became long-running franchises. It was succeeded in 1990 by the Super Nintendo Entertainment System. In 2011, IGN named the NES the greatest video game console of all time.[15]