American mathematician and philosopher / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Norbert Wiener (November 26, 1894 – March 18, 1964) was an American mathematician and philosopher. He was a professor of mathematics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). A child prodigy, Wiener later became an early researcher in stochastic and mathematical noise processes, contributing work relevant to electronic engineering, electronic communication, and control systems.
|Born||(1894-11-26)November 26, 1894|
Columbia, Missouri, U.S.
|Died||March 18, 1964(1964-03-18) (aged 69)|
|Education||Tufts College, BA 1909|
Cornell University, MA, 1911
Harvard University, PhD 1913
|Awards||Bôcher Memorial Prize (1933)|
National Medal of Science (1963)
|Institutions||Massachusetts Institute of Technology|
|Thesis||A Comparison Between the Treatment of the Algebra of Relatives by Schroeder and that by Whitehead and Russell (1913)|
|Other academic advisors||Josiah Royce|
Wiener is considered the originator of cybernetics, the science of communication as it relates to living things and machines, with implications for engineering, systems control, computer science, biology, neuroscience, philosophy, and the organization of society. His work heavily influenced computer pioneer John von Neumann, information theorist Claude Shannon, anthropologists Margaret Mead and Gregory Bateson, and others.
Norbert Wiener is credited as being one of the first to theorize that all intelligent behavior was the result of feedback mechanisms, that could possibly be simulated by machines and was an important early step towards the development of modern artificial intelligence.