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North Carolina Senate

Upper house of the bicameral North Carolina General Assembly / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The North Carolina Senate is the upper chamber of the North Carolina General Assembly, which along with the North Carolina House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprises the state legislature of North Carolina. The term of office for each senator is only two years.[1]

Quick facts: North Carolina Senate, Type, Type, Term limit...
North Carolina Senate
North Carolina General Assembly
Coat of arms or logo
Term limits
New session started
January 1, 2023
Mark Robinson (R)
since January 3, 2021
Phil Berger (R)
since January 26, 2011
Majority Leader
Paul Newton (R)
since January 1, 2023
Minority Leader
Dan Blue (D)
since March 5, 2014
Political groups
  •   Republican (30)


Length of term
2 years
Last election
November 8, 2022
(50 seats)
Next election
November 5, 2024
(50 seats)
Meeting place
Senate chamber
North Carolina Legislative Building
Raleigh, North Carolina, United States
North Carolina Constitution

The Senate's prerogatives and powers are similar to those of the other house, the House of Representatives. Its members do, however, represent districts that are larger than those of their colleagues in the House. The President of the Senate is the Lieutenant Governor of North Carolina, but the Lt. Governor has very limited powers and only votes to break a tie. Before the office of Lt. Governor was created in 1868, the Senate was presided over by a "Speaker." After the 1988 election of James Carson Gardner, the first Republican Lt. Governor since Reconstruction, Democrats in control of the Senate shifted most of the power held by the Lt. Governor to the senator who is elected President Pro Tempore (or Pro-Tem). The President Pro Tempore appoints members to standing committees of the Senate, and holds great sway over bills.

According to the state constitution, the Senate is also the "Court for the Trial of Impeachments". The House of Representatives has the power to impeach state officials, after which the Senate holds an impeachment trial, as in the federal system. If the Governor or Lt. Governor is the official who has been impeached, the Chief Justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court presides.