# Nyquist rate

## Minimum sampling rate to avoid aliasing / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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In signal processing, the **Nyquist rate**, named after Harry Nyquist, is a value equal to twice the highest frequency (bandwidth) of a given function or signal. It has units of samples per unit time, conventionally expressed as samples per second, or hertz (Hz).^{[1]} When the signal is sampled at a higher sample rate (see § Critical frequency), the resulting discrete-time sequence is said to be free of the distortion known as aliasing. Conversely, for a given sample rate the corresponding Nyquist frequency is one-half the sample rate. Note that the *Nyquist rate* is a property of a continuous-time signal, whereas *Nyquist frequency* is a property of a discrete-time system.

The term *Nyquist rate* is also used in a different context with units of symbols per second, which is actually the field in which Harry Nyquist was working. In that context it is an upper bound for the symbol rate across a bandwidth-limited baseband channel such as a telegraph line^{[2]} or passband channel such as a limited radio frequency band or a frequency division multiplex channel.