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Oberhallau

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Oberhallau
Coat of arms
Location of Oberhallau
Oberhallau
Oberhallau
Oberhallau
Oberhallau
Coordinates: 47°42′N 8°28′E / 47.700°N 8.467°E / 47.700; 8.467Coordinates: 47°42′N 8°28′E / 47.700°N 8.467°E / 47.700; 8.467
CountrySwitzerland
CantonSchaffhausen
Districtn.a.
Area
 • Total6.04 km2 (2.33 sq mi)
Elevation
430 m (1,410 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[2]
 • Total444
 • Density74/km2 (190/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (Central European Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (Central European Summer Time)
Postal code(s)
8216
SFOS number2972
Surrounded byGächlingen, Hallau, Neunkirch, Schleitheim, Stühlingen (DE-BW)
Websitewww.oberhallau.ch
Profile (in German), SFSO statistics

Oberhallau is a municipality in the canton of Schaffhausen in Switzerland.


History

Both Hallau and Oberhallau are first mentioned in 1095 as Hallaugia superiori et inferiori. Until the Peasants' War of 1653 it was part of Hallau.[3]

Coat of arms

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Azure a Fleur-de-lis Argent and overall a Key Or in fess.[4]

Geography

View from the Siblinger watchtower west over the Klettgau.  In the foreground is Siblingen, then Gächlingen and Hallau/Oberhallau.
View from the Siblinger watchtower west over the Klettgau. In the foreground is Siblingen, then Gächlingen and Hallau/Oberhallau.

Oberhallau has an area, as of 2006, of 6 km2 (2.3 sq mi). Of this area, 72.5% is used for agricultural purposes, while 20.5% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 6.8% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (0.2%) is non-productive (rivers or lakes).[5] The municipality is located in the Unterklettgau district on the foot of the Hallauerberg.

Aerial view from 100 m by Walter Mittelholzer (1923)
Aerial view from 100 m by Walter Mittelholzer (1923)










Demographics

Oberhallau has a population (as of 2008) of 425, of which 2.4% are foreign nationals. Of the foreign population, (as of 2008), 30% are from Germany, 10% are from Italy, and 60% are from another country.[6] Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (97.2%), with Serbo-Croatian being second most common ( 1.0%) and English being third ( 0.5%).[5] The age distribution of the population (as of 2008) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 22.4% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 61.6% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 16%.[6]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 61.5% of the vote. The next two most popular parties were the SP (23.7%), and the FDP (14.7%) .[5]

In Oberhallau about 84.3% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[5] In Oberhallau, as of 2007, 3.56% of the population attend kindergarten or another pre-school, 4.28% attend a Primary School, 4.75% attend a lower level Secondary School, and 3.8% attend a higher level Secondary School.[6]

As of 2000, 13.6% of the population belonged to the Roman Catholic Church and 77.1% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church.[6]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1771 399
1798 531
1836 762
1850 734
1900 534
1950 426
2000 397

Economy

Oberhallau has an unemployment rate, as of 2007, of 0.64%. As of 2005, there were 88 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 31 businesses involved in this sector. 18 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 3 businesses in this sector. 25 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 7 businesses in this sector.[5]

As of 2008 the mid year average unemployment rate was 0.4%. There were 14 non-agrarian businesses in the municipality and 47.8% of the (non-agrarian) population was involved in the secondary sector of the economy while 52.2% were involved in the third. At the same time, 54.3% of the working population was employed full-time, and 45.7% was employed part-time. There were 46 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 58.7% of the workforce. As of 2000 there were 83 residents who worked in the municipality, while 128 residents worked outside Oberhallau and 18 people commuted into the municipality for work.[6]

As of 2008, there is 1 restaurant in the village and the hospitality industry in Oberhallau employs 2 people.[6]

Heritage sites of national significance

The Stone Age gravesite at Überhürst is listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance.[7]

References

  1. ^ a b "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeitskategorie Geschlecht und Gemeinde; Provisorische Jahresergebnisse; 2018". Federal Statistical Office. 9 April 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  3. ^ a b Oberhallau in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 17-December-2009
  5. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 17-December-2009
  6. ^ a b c d e f Statistical Office of the Canton of Schaffhausen (in German) accessed 2 December 2009
  7. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance Archived May 1, 2009, at the Wayback Machine 21.11.2008 version, (in German) accessed 17-Dec-2009
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Oberhallau
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