Panama disease

Plant disease that primarily affects Bananas / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Panama disease (or Fusarium wilt) is a plant disease that infects banana plants (Musa spp.). It is a wilting disease caused by the fungus Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Foc). The pathogen is resistant to fungicides and its control is limited to phytosanitary measures.[1]

Quick facts: Panama disease, Common names, Causal age...
Panama disease
Gros Michel banana affected by disease, Costa-Rica, 1919
Common namesPanama disease
Fusarium wilt of banana
Vascular wilt of banana
Causal agentsFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense
Vectorswater, soil residues, replanting of suckers, farming tools and transport, leaf trash
DistributionIndonesia, China, Malaysia, Australia, the Philippines, Jordan, Vietnam, Laos, Pakistan, Lebanon, Mozambique, Oman

During the 1950s, an outbreak of Panama disease almost wiped out the commercial Gros Michel banana production. The Gros Michel banana was the dominant cultivar of bananas, and Fusarium wilt inflicted enormous costs and forced producers to switch to other, disease-resistant cultivars. Currently, a new outbreak of Panama disease caused by the strain Tropical Race 4 (TR4) threatens the production of the Cavendish banana, today's most popular cultivar.