Major goddess in Hinduism / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short by simply answering these key questions:

Can you list the top facts and stats about Parvati?

Summarize this article for a 10 years old


Parvati (Sanskrit: पार्वती, IAST: Pārvatī), Uma (Sanskrit: उमा, IAST: Umā) or Gauri (Sanskrit: गौरी, IAST: Gaurī) is the Hindu goddess of power, energy, nourishment, harmony, love, beauty, devotion, and motherhood. In her complete form, she is a physical representation of Mahadevi, also known as Adi Shakti, the primordial power behind the creation of the universe, the creator and destroyer.[7][8] She is one of the central deities of the goddess-oriented sect called Shaktism, and the chief goddess in Shaivism. Along with Lakshmi and Saraswati, she forms the Tridevi.[9]

Quick facts: Parvati, Other names, Sanskrit transliteratio...
Mother Goddess[1]
Goddess of Power, Nourishment, Devotion, Motherhood, Fertility, and Harmony[2]

Para Brahman, the Supreme Being
Member of Tridevi
Parvati with her son Ganesha
Other namesSati, Uma, Gauri, Durga, Kali, Aparna, Girija, Haimavati, Shankari, Maheshvari
Sanskrit transliterationPārvatī
AffiliationMahadevi, Tridevi, Sati, Durga, Kali, Mahakali, Tripura Sundari
AbodeMount Kailash, Manidvipa
MantraOm Pārvatyāi Namaha
MountLion and Tiger
TextsDevi-Bhagavata Purana, Devi Mahatmya, Kalika Purana, Shakta Upanishads, Tantras
FestivalsNavaratri, Vijayadashami, Teej, Bathukamma, Gowri Habba, Durga Puja, Kali Puja
Personal information
ChildrenGanesha (son), Kartikeya (son), Ashok Sundari (daughter)
Indo-European equivalentPriyah

Parvati is the wife of the Hindu god Shiva. She is the reincarnation of Sati, the first wife of Shiva who immolated herself during a yajna (fire-sacrifice).[10] Parvati is the daughter of the mountain-king Himavan and queen Mena.[11] Parvati is the mother of the Hindu deities Ganesha and Kartikeya. The Puranas also reference her to be the sister of the river goddess Ganga, and the preserver god Vishnu.[6][12] For Shaivites, she is considered to be the divine energy between a man and a woman, like the energy of Shiva and Shakti.[13] For Vaishnavites, she is respected as Vishnu Vilasini, or "she who dwells on Vishnu", as stated in the Mahishasura Mardini Stotram.[14]

Parvati is generally portrayed as a gentle, nurturing mother goddess, but is also associated with several terrible forms to vanquish evil beings such as Durga, Kali, the ten Mahavidyas, and the Navadurgas.

Parvati is an embodiment of Shakti. In Shaivism, she is the recreative energy and power of Shiva, and she is the cause of a bond that connects all beings and a means of their spiritual release.[15][16] She is also well known as Kamarupa (the embodiment of one's desires) and Kameshvari (the lady of one's desires). In Hindu temples dedicated to her and Shiva, she is symbolically represented as the argha. She is found extensively in ancient Indian literature, and her statues and iconography are present in Hindu temples all over South Asia and Southeast Asia.[17][18]