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Peoria, Illinois

City in Illinois, United States / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Peoria (/piˈɔːriə/ pee-OR-ee-ə) is a city in and county seat of Peoria County, Illinois, United States.[4] Located on the Illinois River, the city had a population of 113,150 as of the 2020 census.[5][6] It is the principal city of the Peoria metropolitan area in Central Illinois, consisting of the counties of Fulton, Marshall, Peoria, Stark, Tazewell, and Woodford, which had a population of 402,391 in 2020.

Quick facts: Peoria, Illinois, Country, State, County, Set...
Peoria, Illinois
Peoria City Hall
Peoria City Hall
Flag of Peoria, Illinois
Official logo of Peoria, Illinois
Location of Peoria in Peoria County, Illinois.
Location of Peoria in Peoria County, Illinois.
Peoria is located in Illinois
Peoria is located in the United States
Coordinates: 40°41′37″N 89°35′20″W
CountryFlag_of_the_United_States.svg United States
StateFlag_of_Illinois.svg Illinois
Incorporated Town1835
Incorporated City1845
Named forPeoria people
  MayorRita Ali (D)
  City ManagerPatrick Urich
  City ClerkStefanie Tarr
  City TreasurerSteve Morris
  City50.55 sq mi (130.93 km2)
  Land47.97 sq mi (124.24 km2)
  Water2.58 sq mi (6.69 km2)
502 ft (153 m)
  Density2,358.72/sq mi (910.71/km2)
259,781 (US: 156th)[2]
  Urban density1,781.9/sq mi (688.0/km2)
402,391 (US: 138th)
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
  Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP Codes
29 total ZIP Codes:
  • 61601-61607, 61612-61615, 61625, 61629, 61630, 61633, 61634, 61636-61639, 61641, 61643, 61650-61656[3]
Area code309
FIPS code17-59000

Established in 1691 by the French explorer Henri de Tonti, Peoria is the oldest permanent European settlement in Illinois according to the Illinois State Archaeological Survey.[7] Originally known as Fort Clark, it received its current name when the County of Peoria was organized in 1825. The city was named after the Peoria people, a member of the Illinois Confederation. On October 16, 1854, Abraham Lincoln made his Peoria speech against the Kansas-Nebraska Act.[8][9] Prior to prohibition, Peoria was the center of the whiskey industry in the United States. More than 12 distilleries operated in Peoria by the end of the 19th century, more than any other city in the U.S.[10]

A major port on the Illinois River, Peoria is a trading and shipping center for a large agricultural area that produces corn, soybeans, and livestock. Although the economy is well diversified, the city's traditional manufacturing industries remain important and produce earthmoving equipment, metal products, lawn-care equipment, labels, steel towers, farm equipment, building materials, steel, wire, and chemicals.[11] Until 2018, Peoria was the global and national headquarters for heavy equipment and engine manufacturer Caterpillar Inc., one of the 30 companies composing the Dow Jones Industrial Average, and listed on the Fortune 100; in the latter year, the company relocated its headquarters to Deerfield, Illinois.[12][13]

The city is associated with the phrase "Will it play in Peoria?", which may have originated from the vaudeville era and is often spuriously attributed to Groucho Marx. Museums in the city include the Pettengill-Morron House, the John C. Flanagan House, and the Peoria Riverfront Museum.

According to NeighborhoodScout, based on 2021 data, Peoria held a higher crime rate than 97 percent of Illinois communities.[14] Peoria ranked in the top 15 most dangerous US cities according to 2019 crime data.[15]