Philip II of Macedon

King of Macedon from 359 to 336 BC / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Philip II of Macedon[2] (Greek: Φίλιππος Philippos; 382 BC – 21 October 336 BC) was the king (basileus) of the ancient kingdom of Macedonia from 359 BC until his death in 336 BC.[3] He was a member of the Argead dynasty, founders of the ancient kingdom, and the father of Alexander the Great.

Quick facts: Philip II, King of Macedonia, Reign, Predeces...
Philip II
Bust of Philip II of Macedon from the Hellenistic period; Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek
King of Macedonia
Reign359–336 BC
PredecessorAmyntas IV
SuccessorAlexander the Great
Hegemon of the Hellenic League[1]
Reign337 BC
SuccessorAlexander the Great
Born382 BC
Pella, Macedon
(modern-day Pella, Greece)
Died21 October 336 BC (aged 46)
Aigai, Macedon
(modern-day Vergina, Greece)
Aigai, Macedon
(modern-day Vergina, Greece)
Philip II of Macedon
HouseArgead dynasty
FatherAmyntas III
MotherEurydice I
ReligionAncient Greek religion

The rise of Macedon, including its conquest and political consolidation of most of Classical Greece during his reign, was achieved by his reformation of the army (the establishment of the Macedonian phalanx that proved critical in securing victories on the battlefield), his extensive use of siege engines, and his use of effective diplomacy and marriage alliances.

After defeating the Greek city-states of Athens and Thebes at the Battle of Chaeronea in 338 BC, Philip II led the effort to establish a federation of Greek states known as the League of Corinth, with him as the elected hegemon and commander-in-chief[4] of Greece for a planned invasion of the Achaemenid Empire of Persia. However, his assassination by a royal bodyguard, Pausanias of Orestis, led to the immediate succession of his son Alexander, who would go on to invade the Achaemenid Empire in his father's stead.