Pierre Charles L'Enfant

French-American architect (1754–1825) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Pierre "Peter" Charles L'Enfant (French: [pjɛʁ ʃɑʁl lɑ̃fɑ̃]; August 2, 1754  June 14, 1825) was an American-French military engineer who in 1791 designed the basic plan for Washington, D.C., the capital city of the United States. His work is known today as the L'Enfant Plan.[1] He also inspired the street plan for Detroit, Michigan.[upper-alpha 1]

Quick facts: Pierre "Peter" Charles L'Enfant, Born, Died, ...
Pierre "Peter" Charles L'Enfant
Born(1754-08-02)August 2, 1754
Paris, France
DiedJune 14, 1825(1825-06-14) (aged 70)
Resting placeArlington National Cemetery
38°52′52″N 77°04′20″W
MonumentsL'Enfant Plaza, Washington, D.C.;
Freedom Plaza, Washington, D.C.
NationalityFrench and American
Other names
  • Peter Charles L'Enfant
EducationRoyal Academy of Painting and Sculpture
Occupation(s)Military engineer, architect
Known forL'Enfant Plan
Military career
AllegianceFlag_of_the_United_States_%281777%E2%80%931795%29.svg United States
Service/branchGadsden_flag.svg Continental Army
Years of service1777–1783
RankBrevet major
UnitCorps of Engineers
Battles/warsAmerican Revolutionary War