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Portland Rose Festival

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Portland Rose Festival
Waterfront Village in
Gov. Tom McCall Waterfront Park
Beginslate May or early June
Endsmid-June (2–3 weeks after starting)
Location(s)Portland, Oregon
Attendance1.2 million (2011)[1]
Budget$3,407,582 (2011)[1]
Patron(s)Portland Rose Festival Association

The Portland Rose Festival is an annual civic festival held during the month of June in Portland, Oregon. It is organized by the volunteer non-profit Portland Rose Festival Association with the purpose of promoting the Portland region. It includes three separate parades, along with a number of other activities.[2]

A dinosaur float in the 2008 Grand Floral Parade
A dinosaur float in the 2008 Grand Floral Parade


The idea for the Rose Festival was presented to the public in a speech by Mayor Harry Lane at the end of the Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition in 1905. The first festival occurred in 1907.

The Grand Floral Parade is the centerpiece of the festival and the second largest all-floral parade in the United States[3][4][5] after the Tournament of Roses Parade.[3][5] More than 500,000 spectators line the route, making this flower parade the largest single-day spectator event in Oregon.[4][6] The first parade, in 1907, was called the Rose Carnival, but eventually came to be known as the Rose Festival Parade[7] and later still the Grand Floral Parade. The 1907 festival also included an "electric parade" with illuminated floats; this evolved into the Merrykhana Parade but after a two-season suspension was renamed the Starlight Parade in 1976.[2]

Since 1930 a queen has been selected from a court of high school seniors from each school in the area.[2][7] The members of the court are called princesses. For a brief period starting in 1997 they were officially called "ambassadors",[8] but the term "princesses" was reinstated in January 2007. A college scholarship is awarded to a 14-member "royalty". Starting in 2009, the Rose Festival Foundation opened one place on the court to someone from a school outside the Portland city limits.[9] There are drivers for the Princesses, who are chosen from each high school. The first African American driver (escort) was Sam Whitney from Benson High School in 1954. A Junior Rose Festival, focused on children, began unofficially in 1921, on the city's east side, and included its own parade and junior court. It became an official part of the Rose Festival in 1936.[2] The festival's annual Junior Parade takes place in the city's Hollywood district. The Junior Parade has grown to an event involving nearly 10,000 children, making it the world's largest parade for children.[10]

The 2006 Rose Festival Fleet
The 2006 Rose Festival Fleet

During Fleet Week, ships from United States Navy, Coast Guard, Army Corps of Engineers and the Royal Canadian Navy dock along the seawall of Tom McCall Waterfront Park.

The festival also hosts the Starlight Parade, a fireworks display, and carnival rides along the Portland waterfront, among other events. Dragon boat races on the Willamette River have been included every year since 1989.[11]

The Golden Rose Ski Classic is an annual ski race originating in 1936. It is the oldest known organized ski race in America, and is the only USSA-sanctioned summer race.[12]

An air show was added to the Rose Festival in 1988 and remained part of the festival through 2002. Held at the Hillsboro Airport, it was named the Rose Festival Air Show, with the name generally preceded by a sponsor's name, but after the 2002 and 15th show the Rose Festival Association decided to discontinue its relationship with the event. In 2003, the show was reorganized as the Oregon International Air Show, with different sponsors and no longer a Rose Festival event.[13]

From 2007 to 2016, the festival began with the 82nd Avenue of Roses Parade. The parade was cancelled in 2017, but returned in 2018.


  • 1909 Rose Festival letter
    1909 Rose Festival letter
  • Circa 1912-1914
    Circa 1912-1914
  • Every Rose Festival parade includes several marching bands.
    Every Rose Festival parade includes several marching bands.
  • Dragon boat-replica float in 2008 parade. The festival includes races with actual dragon boats.
    Dragon boat-replica float in 2008 parade. The festival includes races with actual dragon boats.
  • The Budweiser Clydesdales are a frequent participant.
    The Budweiser Clydesdales are a frequent participant.
  • Queen's float in the 2010 Starlight Parade
    Queen's float in the 2010 Starlight Parade
  • Float in the Starlight Parade
    Float in the Starlight Parade
  • Dragon boat crew practicing a few weeks before the start of the Rose Festival
    Dragon boat crew practicing a few weeks before the start of the Rose Festival
  • Royal Rosarian Award banner
    Royal Rosarian Award banner

See also


  1. ^ a b Portland Rose Festival Foundation (11 July 2011). "Grand Pinnacle Award Submission" (PDF). p. 5. Retrieved 2011-10-07.
  2. ^ a b c d Erika Weisensee (2008). "Portland Rose Festival". The Oregon Encyclopedia. Portland State University. Retrieved 2010-07-24.
  3. ^ a b Hughley, Marty (June 8, 1990). "Parade main event of Rose Festival". The Oregonian, p. C1.
  4. ^ a b Killen, John (June 1, 2001). "Grand Floral Parade puts spotlight on fun". The Oregonian, A&E section, Rose Festival supplement, p. 15.
  5. ^ a b Meehan, Brian T. (May 27, 1993). "Portland will march to beat of 2nd largest floral parade". The Oregonian, p. R4.
  6. ^ Bell, Teresa (June 9, 2007). "Grand Floral Parade brings fanfare to Portland". KGW.com. Archived from the original on 2007-06-11. Retrieved 2007-06-09. Spectacular all-floral floats bring fantasy to life for a half million parade fans along Oregon's largest single-day spectator event, the Grand floral Parade. ...
  7. ^ a b Trudy Flores and Sarah Griffith (2002). "Portland Rose Festival, 1910". Oregon Historical Society. Retrieved 2010-07-24.
  8. ^ Jill Spitznass and Eric Bartels (June 1, 2004). "2004 Rose Festival Ambassadors". Portland Tribune. Retrieved November 17, 2012.
  9. ^ "Rose Festival opens up one spot for suburban girl". Beaverton Valley Times. October 30, 2008. Retrieved November 17, 2012.
  10. ^ Suzanne Monson (April 20, 1997). "Portland: Compact and Crammed With Possibilitiesl". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 2010-07-26.
  11. ^ Terrence Petty (May 31, 2007). "Colorful dragon boats take to the river during Portland's Rose Festival". The Seattle Times. Associated Press. Retrieved 2010-07-26.
  12. ^ "Golden Rose Ski Classic". Northwest skiers. Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. Retrieved 2007-01-15.
  13. ^ Frank, Ryan (May 21, 2003). "Hillsboro sponsors give redesigned air show a lift". The Oregonian, p. C3.
  14. ^ "2007 IFEA/Haas & Wilkerson Pinnacle Award Winners – Category Order" (PDF). International Festivals and Events Association. 2007-09-12. p. 1. Retrieved 2011-10-07.
  15. ^ "Portland's Rose Festival wins award for best in the world". KPTV. 2011-10-07. Retrieved November 17, 2012.
  16. ^ "2011 IFEA World Festival & Event City Award". International Festivals and Events Association. 2011-10-07. Retrieved 2011-10-07.
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Portland Rose Festival
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