President of Singapore

Head of state of the Republic of Singapore / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The president of the Republic of Singapore is the head of state of Singapore. The president represents the country in official diplomatic functions and possesses certain executive powers over the Government of Singapore, including the control of the national reserves and the ability to revoke and appoint public service appointments. The president also holds the prerogative to grant pardons.

Quick facts: President of the Republic of Singapore, Style...
President of the Republic of Singapore
Crest_of_the_President_of_Singapore%2C_Istana%2C_Singapore_-_20060131.jpg
Presidential coat of arms
Flag_of_the_President_of_Singapore.svg
lossy-page1-220px-Tharman_Shanmugaratnam_Official_photo_2023.tif.jpg
Incumbent
Tharman Shanmugaratnam
since 14 September 2023
Head of state of the Republic of Singapore
Style
TypeHead of state
ResidenceThe Istana
AppointerParliament
(1965–1991)
Direct election
(1991–present)
Term lengthSix years, renewable
PrecursorYang di-Pertuan Negara of Singapore
Formation9 August 1965; 58 years ago (1965-08-09)
First holderYusof Ishak
DeputyChairman of the Council of Presidential Advisers
SalaryS$1,540,000 annually
WebsiteOfficial website
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After Singapore achieved full internal self-governance from the British Empire in 1959, the ceremonial office of the Yang di-Pertuan Negara (lit. "Lord of the State") was created. The office was later succeeded by the President of Singapore after Singapore's independence in 1965. The initial role of the president was largely ceremonial and symbolic, carrying residual powers, but the role was later vested with some executive power which includes the reserve power to veto certain bills, most notably in relation to the country's reserves as a check and balance process, as well as to revoke and appoint public service appointments among other powers listed in the Constitution.

Prior to 1991, the president was appointed by Parliament. A constitutional amendment was made that year to allow for the president to be directly elected by a popular vote, which was subsequently first held in 1993. Singapore follows a non-executive model of the Westminster parliamentary system whereby the president is not the head of government but rather the head of state. These powers are instead vested in the Cabinet, led by the prime minister. Another constitutional amendment was made in 2016, that allows for a presidential election to be reserved for an ethnic community in Singapore if no one from that community had been president for the previous five presidential terms.[note 1]

The president has far-reaching formal obligations and duty to act above party politics. Under the Constitution, the president must be a Singaporean citizen, non-partisan and elected by a popular vote.

The incumbent president is Tharman Shanmugaratnam, who took office on 14 September 2023 after being duly elected in the 2023 presidential election with 70.41% of the vote.

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