# Prior Analytics

## Work of Aristotle pertaining to logic / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The * Prior Analytics* (Greek: Ἀναλυτικὰ Πρότερα; Latin:

*Analytica Priora*) is a work by Aristotle on reasoning, known as syllogistic, composed around 350 BCE.[1] Being one of the six extant Aristotelian writings on logic and scientific method, it is part of what later Peripatetics called the

*Organon*.

The term *analytics* comes from the Greek words *analytos* (ἀναλυτός, 'solvable') and *analyo* (ἀναλύω, 'to solve', literally 'to loose'). However, in Aristotle's corpus, there are distinguishable differences in the meaning of ἀναλύω and its cognates. There is also the possibility that Aristotle may have borrowed his use of the word "analysis" from his teacher Plato. On the other hand, the meaning that best fits the *Analytics* is one derived from the study of Geometry and this meaning is very close to what Aristotle calls *episteme* (επιστήμη), knowing the reasoned facts. Therefore, Analysis is the process of finding the reasoned facts.[2]

In the *Analytics* then, *Prior Analytics* is the first theoretical part dealing with the science of deduction and the *Posterior Analytics* is the second demonstratively practical part. *Prior Analytics* gives an account of deductions in general narrowed down to three basic syllogisms while *Posterior Analytics* deals with demonstration.[3]