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Province of Massachusetts Bay

British colony in North America from 1691 to 1776 / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Province of Massachusetts Bay[1] was a colony in New England which became one of the thirteen original states of the United States. It was chartered on October 7, 1691, by William III and Mary II, the joint monarchs of the kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, and was based in the merging of several earlier British colonies in New England. The charter took effect on May 14, 1692, and included the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the Plymouth Colony, the Province of Maine, Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick; the Commonwealth of Massachusetts is the direct successor. Maine has been a separate state since 1820, and Nova Scotia and New Brunswick are now Canadian provinces, having been part of the colony only until 1697.

Quick facts: Province of Massachusetts Bay, Capital, Commo...
Province of Massachusetts Bay
God Save the King (1745–1775)
Map depicting the colonial claims related to the province
Map depicting the colonial claims related to the province
Common languagesEnglish, French, Massachusett, Mi'kmaq
Self-governing colony
Crown colony
Provisional government
William III & Mary II
George III
Sir William Phips
Thomas Gage
President of the Congress 
John Hancock
Joseph Warren
James Warren
Great and General Court
Massachusetts Provincial Congress
Historical eraBritish colonization of the Americas
American Revolution
October 7, 1691
May 20, 1774
 Provincial Congress established
October 4, 1774
 Massachusetts Declaration of Independence
May 1, 1776
October 25, 1780
CurrencyMassachusetts pound, Spanish dollar, US Dollar
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Blank.png Plymouth Colony
Blank.png Massachusetts Bay Colony
Blank.png Province of Maine
Blank.png Acadia
Massachusetts Blank.png
Nova Scotia Blank.png
Today part ofCanada
United States

The name Massachusetts comes from the Massachusett Indians, an Algonquian tribe. It has been translated as "at the great hill", "at the place of large hills", or "at the range of hills", with reference to the Blue Hills and to Great Blue Hill in particular.

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