cover image

Province of Massachusetts Bay

British colony in North America from 1691 to 1776 / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short, summarize this topic like I'm... Ten years old or a College student

The Province of Massachusetts Bay[1] was a colony in British America which became one of the thirteen original states of the United States. It was chartered on October 7, 1691, by William III and Mary II, the joint monarchs of the kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, and was based in the merging of several earlier British colonies in New England. The charter took effect on May 14, 1692, and included the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the Plymouth Colony, the Province of Maine, Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick; the Commonwealth of Massachusetts is the direct successor. Maine has been a separate state since 1820, and Nova Scotia and New Brunswick are now Canadian provinces, having been part of the colony only until 1697.

Quick facts: Province of Massachusetts Bay, Capital, Commo...
Province of Massachusetts Bay
1691–1780
Anthem: 
God Save the King (1745–1780)
Map depicting the colonial claims related to the province
CapitalBoston
Common languagesEnglish, French, Massachusett, Mi'kmaq
Religion
Congregationalism
Government(1691–1774)
Self-governing colony
(1774–1775)
Direct rule colonial government
(1775–1780)
Provisional government
Monarch 
 1691–1694
William III and Mary II
 1760–1780
George III
Governor 
 1692–1694
Sir William Phips
 1774–1775
Thomas Gage
President of the Congress 
 1774–1775
John Hancock
 1775
Joseph Warren
 1775–1780
James Warren
Legislature(1691–1774)
Great and General Court
(1774–1780)
Massachusetts Provincial Congress
Historical eraBritish colonization of the Americas
American Revolution
October 7 1691
May 20, 1774
 Provincial Congress established
October 4, 1774
 Massachusetts Declaration of Independence
May 1, 1776
October 25 1780
CurrencyMassachusetts pound, Spanish dollar, US Dollar
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Plymouth Colony
Massachusetts Bay Colony
Province of Maine
Acadia
Massachusetts
Nova Scotia
Today part ofCanada
United States
Close

The name Massachusetts comes from the Massachusett Indians, an Algonquian tribe. It has been translated as "at the great hill", "at the place of large hills", or "at the range of hills", with reference to the Blue Hills and to Great Blue Hill in particular.